What Is A Good Roi In Real Estate? (Correct answer)

A good ROI for a rental property is usually above 10%, but 5% to 10% is also an acceptable range. Remember, there is no right or wrong answer when it comes to calculating the ROI. Different investors take different levels of risk, which is why knowing your budget and analyzing the potential return is imperative.


What is the 2% rule in real estate?

The two percent rule in real estate refers to what percentage of your home’s total cost you should be asking for in rent. In other words, for a property worth $300,000, you should be asking for at least $6,000 per month to make it worth your while.

What is a good ROI percentage for real estate?

Most real estate experts agree anything above 8% is a good return on investment, but it’s best to aim for over 10% or 12%. Real estate investors can find the best investment properties with high cash on cash return in their city of choice using Mashvisor’s Property Finder!

What is the average real estate ROI?

According to the S&P 500 Index, the average return on investment in the US real estate market is 8.6%. Residential real estate has an average ROI of 10.6%, commercial real estate has an average return on investment of 9.5%, and REITs have an average return of 11.8%.

Is a ROI of 20% good?

What Is a Good ROI? According to conventional wisdom, an annual ROI of approximately 7% or greater is considered a good ROI for an investment in stocks. This is also about the average annual return of the S&P 500, accounting for inflation.

What is the 3% rule in real estate?

3: The price of your home should be no more than 3x your annual gross income. This is a quick way to screen for homes in an affordable price range. It also takes into consideration down payment percentages and prevents you from stretching too much, even with a high down payment.

What is the 50% rule?

What Is The 50% Rule? The 50% rule is a guideline used by real estate investors to estimate the profitability of a given rental unit. As the name suggests, the rule involves subtracting 50 percent of a property’s monthly rental income when calculating its potential profits.

Is a 6% rate of return good?

Generally speaking, if you’re estimating how much your stock-market investment will return over time, we suggest using an average annual return of 6% and understanding that you’ll experience down years as well as up years.

What is the 70 percent rule in real estate?

The 70% rule helps home flippers determine the maximum price they should pay for an investment property. Basically, they should spend no more than 70% of the home’s after-repair value minus the costs of renovating the property.

Is 6 a good ROI on rental property?

Anywhere between 5-8% is a good rental yield. Work out your rental yield by dividing your annual rental income by your total investment – or use a yield calculator.

Is 4 return on investment good?

A good return on investment is generally considered to be about 7% per year. This is the barometer that investors often use based off the historical average return of the S&P 500 after adjusting for inflation.

What is a good 10 year return on investment?

Read our editorial standards. The average 10-year stock market return is 9.2%, according to Goldman Sachs data. The S&P 500 index has done slightly better than that, returning 13.6% annually. The average return looks very different annually, but holding onto investments over time can help.

How fast does real estate gain value?

Average Home Value Increase Per Year National appreciation values average around 3.5 to 3.8 percent per year. Ownerly explains that the average home appreciation per year is based on local housing market trends as well as the economy, and this makes for a great deal of fluctuation.

Is a 50% ROI good?

Having an ROI of 50% on investment can look good by itself, but there’s the context you need to determine how well the investment has done. It’s 50% now, but if it was 70% a year ago, this may not be the solid investment you think it has been.

Is a 5% ROI good?

For stock market investments, anywhere from 7%-10% is usually considered a good ROI, and many investors use the S&P to guide their investment strategy. There are other types of investments you can make and those have different expectations, such as: Government bonds can produce a return of around 5%.

Is a high ROI good or bad?

In general, the investment with the higher ROI is the better investment. In this case, the investment with an ROI of 40 percent is better than an investment with an ROI of 5 percent.

What Is a Good ROI for Real Estate Investments?

All investors (whether they are investing in real estate or other types of investment) are aiming for the same thing: return on their investments. When it comes to investing in rental property, having a high return on investment (ROI) is essential. Beginner real estate investors, on the other hand, frequently lose money because they aim for unrealistic rates of return on their investments. This raises the question of what constitutes a decent return on investment in rental property. This question, like many others in the real estate industry, does not have a straightforward solution.

Let’s take a deeper look at some possible solutions to the topic of what is a decent return on investment in real estate, including some instances and data that could just provide an answer to this question.

How to Calculate ROI on Rental Property

Before we address your question, we should explain how to calculate return on investment (ROI) so that you may perform your own ROI calculations on your income properties. Everyone is aware that return on investment (ROI) is a method of assessing the performance of investment assets. It is simply the amount of money a real estate investor will make in proportion to the amount of money he or she invested in cash. According to this definition, we may deduce that the ROI formula is as follows: Consider the following scenario: you’ve purchased an income property for $400,000, spent an additional $15,000 in closing fees, renovation expenditures, and other expenses, and you charge your tenants a $2,500 monthly rent.

  • If you use this precise formula to calculate return on investment, you’ll receive different results as well.
  • Nonetheless, the majority of experts think that, on average, a return on real estate investment of greater than 15 percent is a respectable return.
  • Real estate investors are increasingly well-known for leveraging their investments through the use of mortgages, which are a type of leverage.
  • As a result, while determining what is a decent return on investment in a rental property, investors must take their manner of financing into consideration.

Generally speaking, it’s not correct to argue that a positive return on cash investment is also favorable for an investment property funded with a mortgage.

What Is a Good ROI for Cash Investments?

If you’re one of the fortunate real estate investors who has the funds on hand to purchase and own an income property in its whole, your return on investment calculations should be based on the cap rate method. The cap rate in real estate is a return on investment (ROI) analytical statistic that evaluates how much income is generated in relation to the price of the investment property in question. When comparing two or more properties in the same region, investors frequently use the cap rate to determine which one is the best to purchase for real estate investing purposes.

  • Here’s an illustration: Consider the following scenario: you plan to purchase the same $400,000 investment property and rent it out for $2,500 a month, resulting in a $30,000 yearly rental income from the property.
  • As a result, your net operating income would be $22,000.
  • Is this a reasonable rate of return on a rental property, or are you looking for anything more?
  • Take note, however, that rental property recapture rates differ from one region of the country to the next.
  • Without a doubt, a higher cap rate indicates a more profitable location in terms of real estate investing, but it also indicates a higher level of risk.

What Is a Good ROI for Mortgage-Financed Investments?

As previously said, the majority of real estate investors are recognized for obtaining a mortgage loan in order to fund their investment properties. The popularity of this choice may be attributed to the fact that it not only allows people to invest less of their own money, but it also serves as leverage to get a high return on their investment. The cash-on-cash return method should be used to calculate ROI if you were to finance the same income property as in the prior example, with a 20 percent down payment, as shown in the preceding example.

  • Here’s how to figure out the return on investment on a mortgage-financed investment property: Your yearly return is essentially the profit you make after deducting financing charges (such as mortgage payments, mortgage interest rates, and so on) from your net operating income (NOI).
  • As a result, your total investment is $95,000 dollars.
  • For the purposes of this example, let us assume that these costs total $10,000.
  • This income property is now expected to generate a 12.6 percent return on investment, according to the cash on cash return calculation.
  • As you can see, switching to a new financing strategy has had a significant impact on the return on investment in real estate.
  • Real estate experts believe that any return on investment greater than 8 percent is favorable, but it is preferable to aim for a return of more than 10 percent or 12 percent.

By utilizing Mashvisor’s Property Finder, real estate investors may locate the best investment homes that provide a high cash-on-cash return in their preferred city. Today, you may have access to this investing tool by registering for free.

The Bottom Line

As previously stated, the answer to the question of what constitutes a decent return on investment in rental property is dependent on a variety of criteria. From the location to the property type, dangers, and property finance, all of these considerations might influence your perception of what constitutes “excellent” real estate return on investment. Make sure to utilize Mashvisor’s Real Estate ROI Calculator after you’ve determined what a decent ROI for investment property looks like in terms of cap rate and cash on cash return.

Finding successful real estate purchases and analyzing different investment prospects has never been easier than it is now, thanks to this technology.

Click here to begin your 14-day free trial with Mashvisor, after which you will receive a 20 percent discount on all of our products and services!

Eman Hamed

In his current position at Mashvisor, Eman is a Content Writer. She likes investigating the health of the real estate market in various locations around the United States, with a particular emphasis on market reports. As well as trends and projections for the stock market, Eman talks about investing recommendations for beginners to help them develop the confidence and knowledge they need to make good selections.

What is a Good Return on a Real Estate Investment?

Numbers are never deceiving. Good investments need thorough research. If you perform your math correctly, you’ll have a very decent sense of how much money you’ll make on your investment if you make it. One of the most common reasons rookie investors lose money is because they expect unreasonable rates of return on their assets. The majority of first-time real estate investors are just unaware of how compounding works. To put it another way, a growth in profits year after year signifies a significant and progressive increase in your overall wealth over time.

  1. With a ten percent return on investment for a hundred years, a $10,000 investment would grow to $137.8 million dollars.
  2. While the gap between the rates of return (10 percent) and the rates of return (20 percent) may appear counter-intuitive, geometric growth is really what it is all about.
  3. In addition, you will only get money if the investment yield is favorable.
  4. Well, the answer to this issue, as well as many other significant ones in this sector, is – it all depends on the circumstances!

1. The One Percent Rule

The One Percent Rule is a filtering and evaluative method for real estate investments that allows you to swiftly filter and evaluate their potential. According to the rule, the monthly rent (gross) should be at least one percent of the ultimate price of the property. According to this guideline, a $300,000 residence would need to rent for at least $3,000 a month in order to be profitable. If this is not the case, the investment would be deemed ineffective. According to the previous example, the property generates 12 percent of the gross revenue of the annual purchase price.

Generally speaking, this is regarded to be a favorable return on the investment. However, the geographical location is important. Rental returns in less desirable neighborhoods tend to be greater, whilst rental returns in more desirable neighborhoods tend to be lower.

2. The Cap Rate

The cap rate, also known as the capitalization rate, in real estate is the relationship between the net income of a property and the price at which it was purchased. The Net Operating Income (NOI) on a $200,000 home that leases for $1,500 per month would be $1,000 per month, or $12,000 per year on a $200,000 home that rents for $1,500 per month. According to this calculation, the cap rate would be 0.06 percent, or six percent. ($12,000/$200,000). Is a return on investment of 6 percent a decent deal?

You might be interested:  What Is A Trade Fixture In Real Estate?

If you live in a sketchy location where there are several hazards, earning 6 percent might not be worth it.

3. Cash on Cash Return

This is a commonly used statistic for measuring the profitability of a real estate investment venture. In contrast to the Cap rate, Cash on Cash (CoC) assesses the annual return on your investment based on the cash spent and net operating income (NOI). Because the cost of capital (CoC) fluctuates depending on the financing method, the answer to the question “what is a decent return on investment?” is not as easy as it was previously. Consider the following scenario: you purchased a rental property with a loan of $350,000 and a down payment of $70,000.

  1. Each month, you earn $1,800 in rental revenue, and your monthly operational expenditures total $4,000.
  2. (12x$1,800 – $4,000) x $70,000 = $180,000.
  3. In this situation, the coefficient of covariance would be equal to 5.0 percent.
  4. Evidently, the cost of capital (CoC) varies depending on the type of funding.

4. Return on Investment (ROI)

This metric aids in the evaluation of the efficiency of an investment. Real estate professionals and successful investors alike believe that the net operating income of a property is the most important factor in assessing the profitability of a real estate investment. If you purchase a rental property for $400,000 and pay an extra $15,000 in expenses such as maintenance charges, closing costs, and so on, you have spent $400,000 for a total of $415,000. You then charge your renters $2,500 each month as a recurring payment.

$15,000 / ($400,000 + $15,000) = (12x$2,500).

It’s important to note that there is no simple answer here.

For example, your investment aim, the risks connected with the investment, the location of the property, and the size of the property are all factors to consider.

Some real estate specialists believe that a return on investment of 7.2 percent is sufficient. Others, on the other hand, were not willing to accept anything less than 30 percent. On average, though, you should strive for a return on investment of greater than 15%.

Final Thoughts

There is no ignoring the reality that real estate has produced a large number of millionaires throughout the course of history. However, like with any other sort of investment, it is important to conduct your research. If you were wanting to learn more about what constitutes a decent return on real estate investment, we hope you found this information to be beneficial.

Related Reading For You:

  • Identifying the Information You Need to Protect Your Real Estate Investments
  • How to Identify a Lucrative Real Estate Investment Opportunity
  • The Internet Age has made it possible to invest in real estate in six simple ways.

How to Find Your Return on Investment (ROI) in Real Estate

Return on investment (ROI) is a financial term that refers to the amount of money or profit made on an investment as a percentage of the cost of the investment. Because this statistic demonstrates how effectively your investment expenditures are being utilized, it is beneficial to understand both what ROI is and how to calculate ROI in real estate investing.

Key Takeaways

  • In finance, the term “return on investment” (ROI) refers to the amount of money or profit made on an investment expressed as a percentage of the investment’s cost. When it comes to generating profits, the return on investment (ROI) measures how effectively and efficiently investment funds are spent. Many investors use the average returns on the S P 500 index as a benchmark for determining their desired return on investment (ROI)
  • However, this is not recommended.

Following deduction of related costs, the term “return on investment” refers to the proportion of money invested that is recouped after expenses have been deducted. This may appear complicated to those who are not familiar with accounting principles, however the formula may be presented simply as follows: The return on investment (ROI) is equal to the difference between the gain and the cost of the investment. Investment cost equals cost of production. begin text= frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac-textbf frac- ROI is defined as ROI=CostGainCost, where:Gain denotes investment gain and Expense denotes investment cost.

Many variables, including repair and maintenance expenses, as well as leverage (the amount of money borrowed (with interest) to make the initial investment — come into play in this equation.

How to Calculate ROI For Real Estate Investments

When purchasing real estate, the conditions of the loan can have a significant influence on the ultimate cost of the acquisition. When a property is refinanced or a second mortgage is obtained, the calculation of the return on investment (ROI) might become complicated. A second loan, or a refinanced loan, may have higher interest rates and expenses associated with it, both of which can diminish the return on investment. It is also possible that maintenance expenses, property taxes, and utility bills may rise as a result of this.

The purchase of a home using an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) — a loan with an interest rate that fluctuates regularly over its term — may also need the use of complex computations.

The Cost Method

The cost approach determines return on investment by dividing the equity of a property by the costs of that property. Consider the following scenario: a $100,000 home was purchased. Once the home has been repaired and renovated, which will cost investors an extra $50,000, the property is worth $200,000. As a result, the investors’ equity in the property is reduced to $50,000 (200,000 –= 50,000) as a result of this.

To calculate the equity position using the cost approach, divide the equity position by the total of all expenditures associated with the acquisition, repair, and rehabilitation of the property. In this case, the return on investment is $50,000 divided by $150,000 = 0.33, or 33 percent.

The Out-of-Pocket Method

Real estate investors prefer the out-of-pocket strategy because it yields a larger return on their investment. Assume that the same property was purchased for the same price as in the previous example, but that this time the purchase was financed with a loan and a down payment of $20,000 instead of the previous example’s figures. There is consequently only a $20,000 out-of-cost charge (plus $50,000 for repairs and rehab), for a total out-of pocket expenditure of $75,000 (including $50,000 for repairs and rehab).

The return on investment (ROI) in this situation is $130,000 divided by $200,000 = 0.65, or 65 percent.

The loan, of course, is responsible for the difference: leverage as a technique of enhancing return on investment.

What Is a Good Return on Investment (ROI) for Real Estate Investors?

What one investor believes to be a “excellent” return on investment may be deemed unsatisfactory by another. A decent return on investment in real estate is determined by your risk tolerance; the more the amount of danger you are ready to accept, the higher the return you may expect. Risk-averse investors, on the other hand, may be content to accept lesser returns in exchange for more assurance. But in general, many investors want returns that are comparable to or more than the average return on the S P 500 index in order to make real estate investing profitable.

Of course, you do not have to own actual property in order to make a real estate investment.

In general, real estate investment trust (REIT) returns are more variable than actual property returns (they trade on an exchange, after all).

REIT Index, the yearly return of real estate investment trusts (REITs) in the United States is 12.99 percent.

Return on Investment (ROI) Doesn’t Equal Profit

Of course, the property must be sold in order for the return on investment to be realized as actual cash earnings. Often, a property will not sell for the amount that it is worth. A real estate transaction may complete at a price that is lower than the initial asking price, lowering the ultimate return on investment estimate for that property. In addition, there are expenditures connected with selling a real estate property, such as monies spent on repairs, painting, and landscaping, among other things.

The service provider may be willing to negotiate the costs of advertising and commissions with you.

When calculating ROI on several sales, with various prices for advertising, commission, finance, and building, it is preferable to consult with an accountant that has experience in this area of the business.

The Bottom Line

Calculating the return on investment in real estate can be straightforward or difficult, depending on the variables described above. Investing in real estate, both residential and commercial, has shown to be extremely beneficial in times of strong economic growth. Even in a recessionary market, when prices are falling and cash is short, there are several real estate deals available for those who have the financial means to invest. When the economy begins to revive, as it will undoubtedly do, many investors will stand to make a tidy return.

What’s the Average Return on a Real Estate Investment?

Real estate has traditionally been the preferred investment for people seeking to accumulate long-term wealth for their families and future generations. By subscribing to our complete real estate investment guide, you will receive assistance in navigating this asset class. To make more money than you put down on a property is, after all, the whole point of real estate investing, right? This is where the concept of return on investment comes into play. Real estate return on investment (ROI) is perhaps the most significant measure to consider when evaluating your real estate portfolio.

Consider the following points in further detail:

What is ROI in Real Estate Investing?

When you purchase an investment property, you do so for the simple reason that it is an investment. You expect to make money off of it and to receive a return on your investment, whether it is in the short or long term, depending on your goals. The term “return on investment” (ROI) refers to the amount of money you make from a property over the course of its ownership. The method through which you realize your real estate return on investment might differ depending on the sort of investment property you purchase.

How do I calculate ROI?

To calculate your return on investment, you must first determine how much you paid in the first place. This includes the following:

  • Monthly expenditures (everything you cover, such as insurance or electricity)
  • Taxes
  • Improvement costs
  • Any additional fees (such as a homeowners association)
  • Purchase price/downpayment

The calculation of return on investment (ROI) is complicated since there are several elements that may be used to analyze your real estate investment. Essentially, your return on investment in real estate is derived from two sources:

  1. Rents or dividends provide a regular source of income. Property or real estate investment trust (REIT) stock appreciation resulting from the long-term ownership of a piece of real estate or REIT stock

Your objective should always be to keep onto a piece of real estate or a share in a REIT for at least five years. A group of ten or more is even better. The likelihood of earning returns from both income and appreciation is increased as a result of this. Consider the following scenario: you purchase a rental property for $100,000 in cash. Following deduction of costs, your yearly net operating income (NOI) is $8,000. You have a ten-year lease on the property. For the purpose of simplicity, let us assume that your net operating income (NOI) remains constant over the whole period and that you sell the property for $200,000.

Over a ten-year period, this equates to a total profit of $180,000. You’ve nearly quadrupled your investment. This is before real estate taxes, which are levied at ordinary income rates on rental income and long-term capital gains rates on appreciation, are taken into consideration.

What’s a good ROI in real estate investment?

The concept of a decent return on real estate is subjective and depends on your level of risk tolerance. Many analysts and investors consider the average return on the S P 500 index as their benchmark, which means that any investment that outperforms it is a smart use of their money in their opinion. Over the past 50 years or so, the S P 500 has generated an average annual rate of return of almost 8%. In part because the S P 500 index is composed of 500 large-cap domestic firms that account for the vast majority of the country’s market capitalization, it is a good indicator of how the economy is performing and how the market is reacting to it.

Returns on tangible real estate

Intangible real estate can provide returns that outperform the S P 500 – in part because to the fact that you have the option to leverage it. In other words, you may take out a mortgage to enhance your cash-on-cash return while still leaving the door open to the potential of utilizing your other finances to acquire further homes. For example, if you purchased the same $100,000 property indicated above with a mortgage on which you paid down $20,000 and still produced $8,000 in net operating income, your cash-on-cash return would be a stunning 40%.

  1. The capitalization rate of a property, often known as the cap rate, is another approach to compare a neighborhood and/or asset class to another.
  2. The net operating income (NOI) and capitalization rate (cap rate) can also be used to determine the market value of a property.
  3. As a result of recent commercial assessments and market research, you are aware that the average capitalization rate of comparable sold properties in the vicinity is around 7 percent.
  4. If you bought for the building in cash, you would gain a return of 7 percent on your investment each year in the form of rental revenue.
  5. The average cap rate for an apartment building in a community may differ from the average cap rate for an industrial or retail property in the same neighborhood.

Returns on REITs

Real estate investment trusts (REITs) allow investors to diversify their investment portfolios without having to run and manage a property themselves. Real estate investment trusts (REITs), which frequently operate major projects and apartment complexes, are required to distribute 90 percent of their net income to shareholders. Over time, this increases the return, pushing it even into the double digits. Private real estate investment trusts (REITs) can be dangerous since they are not subject to the same laws as publicly listed REITs, and investors should proceed with caution when examining them.

According to the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (NAREIT), the average compounded annual growth rate for REITs over the previous 20 years has been 9.9 percent.

Stick to your long-term goals

In order to achieve your long-term objectives, the most effective technique of investing is to develop a strategy and then stay with it through thick and thin. Your real estate profits will be decided by your ability to make wise purchasing, selling, and management decisions. Additionally, your capacity to persevere through many ups and downs is critical.

You might be interested:  Who Orders The Appraisal In A Real Estate Transaction? (Question)

What Is a Good ROI on a Rental Property?

While successful investments might mean different things to different individuals, property investors often use a return on investment statistic to determine the profitability of their venture. The return on investment (ROI), also known as the capitalization rate (cap rate), is calculated by dividing the average yearly rent received by the purchase price of a rental property by the purchase price. The investor can determine whether or not he has gotten a good deal by comparing the property’s cap rate to the median cap rate for comparable properties in the surrounding region.


Residential cap rates are typically in the range of 4 percent to 10 percent on average.

Determine the Income Potential

To determine the cap rate, first determine the net yearly revenue generated by the property. Calculate this by subtracting the yearly recurrent expenditures of the property from the total annual rent. Property taxes, insurance, repair costs over time, and the cost of utilities that are included in the rent are all examples of common expenses. Calculate the cap rate by dividing the net yearly income by the purchase price of the property and expressing the result as a percentage of the purchase price.

Your cap rate would be 4.2 percent in this case.

Review the Benchmark ROI

Cap rates are a measure of how well an investment performs in the long run. Residential cap rates are typically in the range of 4 percent to 10 percent on average. According to data from 2017, the average cap rate in San Francisco was around 5.1 percent. Property prices, on the other hand, are very variable, and a cap rate that is deemed ideal in one city or neighborhood may be judged undesirable in another. The key is to compare like items with like items. Calculating the median cap rate for comparable properties in the immediate neighborhood and comparing the target property’s cap rate to the median is required.

Locate Important Information

Real estate websites such as Zillow, Trulia, RealtyTrac, and the National Association of Realtors post median sales prices and average rental rates for properties all around the country on a regular basis, as do other organizations. These numbers can be used by investors to assess the average expected returns in a certain market segment. Real estate agents do in-depth market research on a local level. Speak with one if you need information on a certain area or street.

Work Backwards to Determine Price

Property investors base their investment selections on the median cap rate for the area in which they are investing. During the second quarter of 2018, for example, apartments in San Francisco obtained an average cap rate of 6.45 percent on the market. It is considered a good return for the area if it meets or exceeds this amount.

Working backwards from the target cap rate of 6.45 percent, investors utilize the median cap rate to calculate the maximum price they are willing to pay in order to get average or above-average returns on their investments.

Additional Factors to Consider

The cap rate is a straightforward measure of future returns that is based on the assumption of a cash purchase. When assessing possible profits, seasoned investors take into account a variety of aspects, including financing, loan terms, and appreciation rates. In addition, cap rates are based on the assumption that the investor would collect rent for the entire year. However, in reality, rental buildings lie vacant for a few weeks each year, or landlords are saddled with renters who do not pay their rent on time.

What Is ROI On Real Estate Investments?

Although it may appear hard, the majority of return on investment computations are actually rather straightforward. According to general principles, the return on an investment is equal to the gain minus the cost divided by the cost of the investment. Profitability is defined as (Investment Gain – Investment Cost) / Investment Cost. However, depending on the sort of investment being studied, certain computations may differ from one another. Variables such as repair and maintenance expenses, the amount of money borrowed to make the investment, and the length of time the loan is outstanding will all have an influence on the return on investment.

Resales And Cash Sales

For the most straightforward ROI calculation, it’s best to assume a cash purchase followed by a resale, generally known as a flipped real estate transaction. In this case, the investor does not have a mortgage to take into consideration while making their estimates. Suppose an investor purchases a long unoccupied foreclosure property for $100,000, knowing that comparable properties in excellent shape may sell for $200,000, and that the investor intends to flip the house. It will cost them $50,000 to remodel it and they want to sell it for $200,000 after the renovations are finished.

ROI = Net Profit ($200,000 – $150,000) / Total Investment ($150,000) = Return on Investment (ROI).


If you intend to generate rental income from your investment property, there will be a few more measures to do in order to calculate the property’s return on investment. In order to do so, you must first estimate your yearly rental revenue, which is often performed by looking for similar rental properties in the neighborhood. Find the average monthly rent for the sort of property you’re interested in and multiply that rate by 12 to get an idea of how much money you may make from renting it out each year.

Rental property net operating income is calculated as the difference between the yearly rental revenue and the annual operating expenditures – such as maintenance, insurance and taxes – minus the annual operating expenses – such as homeowners association (HOA) fees.

Now that you’ve deducted your running expenses from your possible rental revenue, you’ve arrived at your potential net operating income, from which you may calculate your return on investment.

The return on investment (ROI) is calculated by dividing your net operational income by the entire amount of money that is still owed on the mortgage. Return on Investment (ROI) = (Annual Rental Income – Annual Operating Costs) Amount owed on a mortgage


If you’re searching for more passive investments, purchasing shares in real estate investment trusts (REITs) may be a good option because they allow you to reap the benefits of the investment without having to perform any of the work. Real estate investment trusts (REITs) or real estate investment trust funds (REIT funds) are traded on major stock exchanges and provide a constant stream of income and capital appreciation growth, with an average annual return of 12.99 percent.

Average ROI of Real Estate [2021]: Historical Analysis & Statistics

The most recent update was made on November 5, 2021. Highlights of the report Economic analysts predict the average return on investment (ROI) in real estate to improve, despite the fact that values have not increased as much as forecast at the start of this year.

  • As of this writing, the average year-over-year (YOY) return on investment (ROI) is 11.1%
  • The average 5-year return on investment (ROI) is 8.1 percent. As of October 2021, the year-to-date (YTD) net return on real estate investments is 29.0 percent. Low-rise apartment complexes are among the most profitable, with an average return on investment of 9.0 percent
  • The average total net return for an apartment unit is $8,190. In 2020, the overall return on the stock market was -5.29 percent.
Largest Average One-Year Returns on Real Estate Property Investments
Property Type 1-Year ROI 1-Year Net*
Average Industrial 9.5% $8.16/ft 2
Low-Rise Apartments 9.0% $11.88/ft 2
Multi-Family Home 7.6% $7.69/ft 2
Average Residential 7.5% $11.64/ft 2
New Single Family Home 1.32% $2.03/ft 2

*The term “year net” relates exclusively to equity; operational expenditures and income are removed from the calculation. This would be referred to as the “total yearly net” if they were included in the calculation.

Real Estate Investment Properties

COVID-19 had a substantial impact on some commercial and residential real estate investments, particularly in the hotel and urban rental sectors.

  • Mid- and high-rise apartments of the sort found only in urban areas now have the lowest 1-year return on investment (ROI) at -9.0 percent, resulting in an average loss of $27,070.69 per unit. Large hotels now have the second lowest 1-year return on investment of any type of real estate investment, with a -$21,335 per room loss on average, or a 7.2 percent loss. Real estate is often classified as either residential or commercial property
  • However, there are exceptions. Among the types of residential real estate available are single-family houses, multi-family houses, apartment complexes, and condos. In commercial real estate, the primary aim is to do business, which includes office buildings, retail spaces, hotels, warehouses, and other locations. Extensive apartment complexes that also feature office space may be classified as flex or commercial real estate.

Residential Real Estate

Small residential properties are typically the first choice for new investors. Residential real estate is a more conservative investment than commercial real estate, and it provides stable and fair returns over the long term.

  • A new single family house has a total net 1-year return of $5,082.23
  • The typical single family home has a 1-year return of $184.22
  • And a resale single family home has a total net 1-year return of $5,082.23
  • Owners of single-family homes typically keep their homes for 8.17 years on average. Experts predict that the value of multi-family homes as an investment would grow by as much as 33 percent in 2021. Compared to huge complexes, smaller apartment buildings and multi-family residences provide a substantially higher rate of return. The returns on suburban residences are much higher than those on urban homes. It is possible that vacation rentals and Airbnbs may be treated as residential real estate for tax and zoning considerations.
Average One-Year Returns on Residential Property Investments
Property Type 1-Year ROI 1-Year Net*
Mid- or High-Rise Apartments -9.0% -$24.41/ft 2
Garden/Low-Rise Apartments 9.0% $11.88/ft 2
Average Residential Property 7.5% $11.64/ft 2
Multi-Family Home 7.6% $7.69/ft 2
New Single Family Home 1.32% $2.03/ft 2
Average Single Family Home 0.07% $0.09/ft 2
Average Apartment Building -0.9% -$1.61/ft 2

*The term “year net” relates exclusively to equity; operational expenditures and income are removed from the calculation. This would be referred to as the “total yearly net” if they were included in the calculation.

Short-Term Rental

Vacation houses and AirBnBs are more expensive to rent than long-term apartment rentals. Some of this is due to increased wear and tear, which raises the expense of operating the vehicle.

  • The average Airbnb generates $2,752.80 in rent per month
  • The average Airbnb rents for $185 a night
  • The average Airbnb generates $2,752.80 in rent per month
  • The average occupancy rate is 48 percent. Airbnb generates an average of $5,735 in rent per month when it is fully occupied. (See chart below.) Vacation rentals near a major body of water are preferred by 83 percent of guests, with 89 percent expressly requesting a beach as a local attraction. Investment firms believe that holiday rentals will grow more profitable in the future year, despite a downturn in the financial markets in 2020.
  • Following the declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic, investors poured $2 billion dollars into the Airbnb platform over the course of the year. When compared to hotels, travelers are 18 percent more inclined to believe that vacation rentals provide a less substantial health risk. According to Airbnb, there has been a 20% rise in stays of 28 days or more. Ninety-five percent of vacation rental owners want to employ safety-focused technologies, such as remote and touchless check-in processes. In comparison to manual registration, processing remote check-ins is on average 80 percent quicker.

Apartment Rental

In comparison to short-term rentals, long-term apartment rentals do not provide as much potential cash flow. However, because there are fewer unknown variables, like as vacancy rates, they may prove to be more cost efficient in the long term.

  • It is estimated that the average apartment will generate a net 1-year return of $8,190.22 (including lost market value). The average garden/low-rise apartment has a one-year return on investment of $13,370
  • After deducting operational expenditures, the typical unit generates $9,976.70 in rent per year. In 2020, operating expenses are expected to rise by 2.6 percent, while insurance costs will rise by 19 percent. A typical apartment building’s annual running expenditures approximate $7.70 per square foot of space. Garden and low-rise apartments have an annual operating cost of $6.61 per square foot, but mid- to high-rise apartments have an annual operating cost of $9.60 per square foot. Rental rates for a 2-bedroom apartment in the city are $1,543 per month or $18,516 per year on average. The typical apartment is 1,109 square feet in size. Towards the end of 2020, market absorption remained stable at 60 percent (its highest level in five years), suggesting that it was a seller’s market. From 2019 to 2020, rent costs decreased by 5.91 percent. Large apartment complexes may be subject to commercial zoning regulations.

Single Family Rental

When compared to bigger complexes, small properties are typically far more affordable per square foot. Single-family house rentals also have a lower turnover rate than apartment rentals, resulting in fewer vacancies as well as less wear and tear.

  • The average single-family rental yields a total net return of $10,637
  • However, this figure may be higher. Rental prices for a single family house in the United States average $1,742 per month ($20,904 annually)
  • Rent alone generates $10,452 after deducting operational and capital expenditures. This equates to a total return on investment of $15,534 for a new single family rental. The total value of single-family rental assets in the United States is $2.3 trillion. Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island have the lowest number of available rental homes. The states with the greatest rates of rental property vacancy are Alabama, Kansas, and Oklahoma. With a rate of 59.3 percent, the West region of the United States has the lowest percentage of homeownership in the country. California has the most profitable single family rental market in the country, while West Virginia has the least profitable single family rental market in the country.
You might be interested:  What Is The Effective Date Of A Real Estate Contract? (Question)
State 1-Year ROI State 1-Year ROI
Alabama $174.84 Montana $277.39
Alaska $209.82 Nebraska $171.59
Arizona $272.14 Nevada $244.86
Arkansas $139.87 New Hampshire $265.15
California $508.58 New Jersey $305.47
Colorado $360.11 New Mexico $195.83
Connecticut $269.35 New York $398.41
Delaware $244.16 North Carolina $237.66
District of Columbia $424.64 North Dakota $165.29
Florida $241.33 Ohio $132.24
Georgia $224.14 Oklahoma $153.89
Hawaii $449.47 Oregon $331.22
Idaho $300.75 Pennsylvania $181.52
Illinois $164.73 Rhode Island $270.75
Indiana $141.25 South Carolina $195.86
Iowa $150.36 South Dakota $168.20
Kansas $132.92 Tennessee $220.38
Kentucky $154.94 Texas $209.82
Louisiana $174.91 Utah $384.73
Maine $206.39 Vermont $227.38
Maryland $239.27 Virginia $242.24
Massachusetts $426.35 Washington $349.76
Michigan $163.72 West Virginia $115.45
Minnesota $206.36 Wisconsin $174.88
Mississippi $154.91 Wyoming $185.41
Missouri $150.43 Nationwide Average $184.22

House Flipping Returns

House flipping isn’t as profitable as it was a few years ago, but there are still plenty of opportunities in some locations. High profits are dependent on meticulous planning and a concentration on the most effective house upgrades for resale.

  • The national average return on investment for a flipped property is 38.7 percent. Flipping a property generates an average return of $121,325 per house nationwide. Because of the volatility of the market, projecting the return on a certain building is difficult, if not impossible. According to statistical trends, rental rates are rising as homeownership declines in popularity in specific locations of the United States.
Metro 2019 ROI Net Profit*
Pittsburgh, PA 131.2% $159,920
Flint, Michigan 127.6% $117,730
Shreveport, Louisiana 112.5% $219,490
Scranton, Pennsylvania 112.0% $126,790
Knoxville, Tennessee 105.0% $250,640
Cleveland, Ohio 100.0% $187,900
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 100.0% $286,800
Buffalo, New York 89.7% $171,150
Memphis, Tennessee 79.2% $184,460

Commercial Real Estate

Some investors believe that commercial real estate is the more cost-effective investment since it has a larger potential for huge returns than residential real estate. The value of commercial real estate, on the other hand, is very variable.

  • The 1-year return on investment (ROI) for a typical 20,000 square foot commercial property is -$32,000. Acquisitions of commercial real estate are expected to decline by as much as 57 percent in 2020. Industrial real estate is the only category of commercial property that has shown growth over the past 12 months. Commercial real estate or flex space may be used to describe apartment rents if the building also has commercial rentals (e.g., offices, retail stores, and so on). Comparatively to smaller structures and residential complexes, apartment buildings categorized as commercial real estate are experiencing significant financial losses. Economic analysts predict that the value of commercial real estate will rise in 2021.
Average One-Year Returns on Commercial Property Investments
Property Type 1-Year ROI 1-Year Net
Industrial Property 9.5% $8.16/ft 2
Office Space -0.2% -$0.33/ft 2
Retail Space -6.7% -$14.79/ft 2
Small Motel -7.2% -$16.79/ft 2
Large Hotel -7.2% -$36.94/ft 2
Average Commercial Property -8.0% -$1.60/ft 2
Upscale Retail/Boutique -9.0% -$19.89

Real Estate Market Investment

According to real estate indexes, real estate investments will continue to suffer through 2020, with the impacts being unevenly dispersed throughout the industry.

  • According to the Dow Jones U.S. Real Estate Index, the average one-year return on real estate is -11.13 percent
  • The average three-year return is 2.34 percent
  • And the average five-year return is 3.16 percent In the Standard & Poor’s 500 Real Estate Index, the average 1-year return is -7.71 percent
  • The average 3-year return is 4.92 percent
  • And the average 5-year return is 4.20 percent
  • According to the index. S P’s United States Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) has a one-year return on investment (ROI) of -12.32 percent
  • Data center REITs have the greatest returns at 17.2 percent.

Real Estate TrustsFunds

The use of REITs may be appealing to novice investors who are interested in learning how to get started in real estate investing, particularly those who have previous expertise with stock market investments.

  • It is expected of REITs that they return 90 percent of their taxable income to the shareholders in order to qualify for special tax considerations. REITs were first established in 1960 as a result of the Cigar Excise Tax Extension Act, and they became widely used in the 1980s and 1990s. When compared to other types of real estate investments, one study found that REITs delivered the highest 30-year return on investment
  • Equity REITs outearned apartment building investments by 102.2 percent and outearned hotel investments by 231.7 percent
  • And REITs outearned other types of real estate investments by a factor of two.
Fund Symbol, Full Name YTD 1-Year ROI
XLRE, Real Estate Select Sector SPDR Fund -4.92% 45.59%
FREL, Fidelity MSCI Real Estate Index ETF -7.14% 43.94%
EWRE, Invesco S P 500® Equal Weight Real Estate ETF -4.11% 32.58%
VNQ, Vanguard Real Estate Index Fund -7.14% 35.50%
IYR, iShares U.S. Real Estate ETF -8.38% 41.29%
PSR, Invesco Active U.S. Real Estate Fund -8.57% 40.53%

Historical Real Estate Investment Returns

While real estate has always been regarded as the finest investment, the market may be quite turbulent at times.

  • S P reached 24.10 percent in 1946, marking the year when one-year real estate investment returns reached their greatest peak in history. After falling to -12.00 percent in 2008, the average 1-year return has already reached its lowest position until 2020. Averaging 4.12 percent each year until the collapse of 2020, the average yearly return in the twenty-first century was 4.12 percent. Prior to the 2020 crisis, the average 10-year return on investment was 39.54 percent, while the average 20-year return on investment was 82.49 percent.


  1. NAR 2021 Survey of Operating IncomeExpenses in Rental Apartment Communities
  2. S P Dow Jones Indices, Dow Jones U.S. Real Estate Index
  3. And National Apartment Association, NAA 2021 Survey of Operating IncomeExpenses in Rental Apartment Communities Data sources: National Bureau of Economic Research, Total Returns to Single-Family Rentals
  4. University of New Hampshire, Real Estate Investment Performance in the United States: 1983-2012
  5. National Association of Realtors® (NAR), Housing Statistics
  6. NAR, Commercial Market Insights December 2020
  7. National Association for Industrial and Office Parks, Office Space Demand Forecast, Fourth Quarter 2020
  8. National Association of Realtor® (NAR), Research and Statistics: Housing Statistics. Attom Data Solutions reports that the U.S. home flipping rate reached a nine-year high in the first quarter of 2019
  9. Zillow reports on United States housing data. Fixr, How Much Does It Cost to Construct an Average Hotel
  10. How Much Does It Cost to Construct an Average Hotel
  11. Some states purchase hotels for the homeless as a result of the pandemic, according to the Pew Research Center
  12. The National Apartment Association’s 2019 NAA Survey of Operating IncomeExpenses in Rental Apartment Communities
  13. The Urban Land Institute’s Emerging Trends in Real Estate®: United StatesCanada 2021
  14. And the American Association of Retired Persons’ Vacation Home Rentals Billed as “Safer Alternatives to Hotels,” according to the American Association of Retired Persons. Phocus Wire, Touchless Tech: How Short-Term Rentals Are Simplifying Stays During COVID-19
  15. National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), Apartment Absorption Stable, but Rent Prices Fall
  16. Realtor.com, Real Estate Data Library
  17. Phocus Wire, Touchless Tech: How Short-Term Rentals Are Simplifying Stays During COVID-19
  18. Phocus Wire, Touchless Tech: How Short-Term Rentals Are Simplifying Stays During CO Quartz reports that hotels are shrinking rooms and adding more places to be alone with other people
  19. The National Association of Home Builders reports that the size of new single-family homes is continuing to shrink
  20. The Public Library of Science reports on 120 years of residential housing stock and floor space in the United States
  21. And HospitalityNet reports on the growth of microhotels in North America Why Are Small and Medium-Sized Multifamily Properties So Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Exorbitantly Ex

How to Calculate the Rate of Return on a Rental Property

As a real estate investor, you’ll need to be able to determine the return on your investment in a rental property. The quality of the chance for a successful investment will be determined by the return on investment (ROI). It’s advisable to become familiar with the various calculations and understand how to utilize them before beginning the process of purchasing a rental property for yourself. The return on investment (ROI) of a property is critical because it may provide you with a clear image of the prospective profits on a property after all expenditures, fees, and taxes have been deducted.

In the event that you’re considering purchasing a new rental property, here’s all you need to know about determining the return on your investment.

What is ROI on a rental property?

Return on Investment (ROI) is an abbreviation for Return on Investment. To put it simply, it refers to the amount of profit you will receive in exchange for the amount of money you invested. The return on your investment is often represented as a percentage of the total cost of your investment. For example, if you buy $200k for a rental property and the return on investment (ROI) is 5%, you stand to make a profit of $10k. A return on investment (ROI) calculation is intended to provide you with a more accurate picture of whether your investment will be successful or not.

The return on investment computation will differ depending on whether you are paying cash or using financing.

How do you calculate the rate of return on a rental property?

There are three primary ways for assessing the return on investment (ROI) of a rental property.

Simple ROI Calculation

This is the most fundamental calculator, which calculates the rate of return. Investment return on investment is defined as (Income from Investment – Cost of Investment)/Cost of Investment. If you invested $100,000 in rental property and earned $120,000 total earnings from the venture, you would be considered a successful entrepreneur. The rate of return on your investment is calculated as follows:ROI = ($120,000 – $100,000)/$50,000 = 0.2 = 20% As you can see, this is a relatively straightforward return on investment formula.

The computations that follow are a little more specific in nature.

Cap Rate

When acquiring rental properties, investors frequently utilize the cap rate, also known as the capitalization rate, to determine their return on investment. A rental property’s profitability may be determined, and it can be used to evaluate the profitability of several property investment prospects against one another. The capitalization rate (cap rate) is not the most appropriate method of evaluating a short-term rental investment since the value of a short-term rental is dependent on closed similar residential properties in the region rather than on the revenue generated by the property.

  1. The cap rate is defined as the relationship between a property’s net operating income and the property’s acquisition price.
  2. Secondly, the cap rate is equal to the ratio of net operating income to the purchase price divided by 100 percent.
  3. The entire amount of your investment would be $211,500.
  4. This translates into a $12,000 yearly profit for you.
  5. In order to get the return on investment (ROI) of the rental property, we must divide the yearly return ($10,000) by the entire investment in the property ($211,500).

Calculating the cap rate is as follows: ($10,000/$211,500) x 100 percent = 4.73 percent. Using this characteristic as an example, your overall rate of return is 4.73 percent.

Cash on Cash Return Calculation

It is somewhat more hard to calculate the cash on cash return, or CoC, than the other calculations, but it is important for any investor who is utilizing financing (mortgage/loan) to fund the cost of the rental property acquisition. The CoC is defined as the relationship between the annual net operating income (NOI) of a rental property and the total amount of cash invested in the rental property. When it comes to CoC, the formula is as follows: Calculated by dividing annual cash flow by total cash invested, the CoC is one hundred percent.

  • Among your expenses will be $40,000 for a down payment, $3,500 for closing charges, as well as $10,000 for renovating or fixing up the house.
  • However, keep in mind that if you use a mortgage or a loan, you will be required to make a monthly interest payment, which must be factored into your calculations.
  • That implies you’ll have a monthly cash flow of $500 to work with.
  • Using the CoC formula, we can calculate the return on investment by dividing the yearly cash flow by the total amount of money invested in the rental property.

What is a good ROI percentage?

The answer to this question might vary substantially depending on who you ask and what website you visit. The genuine answer is “it depends,” because a decent return rate is dependent on the investor and their circumstances, as well as the characteristics of the property (location, rental prices, risks, etc.) Generally speaking, a fair return on your investment is 15 percent or greater. According to the cap rate calculation, a fair return rate is around 10%. According to the cash on cash rate calculation, an appropriate return rate is between 8 and 12 percent.

Once again, it is up to you as an investor to choose what constitutes a satisfactory return rate for you.

What is the 1% rule?

The “1 percent rule” is a basic rule of thumb for persons who are considering making an investment in rental property. It is used to evaluate how much you should spend for a rental property when purchasing one. If you are an investor who has hundreds of options to consider, the 1 percent rule can be really helpful. The time it would take to thoroughly investigate every option would be months. The one percent guideline might help you narrow down your options and identify the best investment more quickly.

  • For example, suppose you spend $100,000 on a rental property.
  • This guideline is not foolproof; rather, it is intended to serve as a general guide to assist investors in identifying excellent investments among a large number of prospective investments and eliminating any undesirable ones.
  • This is due to the fact that properties in poor neighborhoods are more likely to fulfill the 1 percent guideline, which does not take into consideration the age or condition of the property.
  • In addition, the 1 percent criterion does not take into account operational expenditures or cash flow.

Using a calculator should not be your only means of calculating. Instead, employ methods that are considerably more full-proof, such as the cap rate and cash on cash rate calculations, to ensure your success.

Final Thoughts

In the market for your first rental property or tenth, the cash on cash return calculation is unquestionably the finest calculation to use to help you choose the greatest investment for your needs and circumstances. The 1 percent rule can be used to swiftly screen a large number of investment options, but it should not be relied upon to make a final investment choice. Obtaining financial assistance for the acquisition of a rental property might be tricky. From the initial investment calculations through the point of sale, as well as educating you to maintain your rental property without the need to hire expensive property managers, we can assist you at The Short Term Shop throughout the whole process.

We look forward to being of service to you.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *