What Is An Injunction In Real Estate? (Best solution)

In contrast to a legal remedy, an equitable remedy usually involves an injunction — a court order that prohibits or compels a specific action.


What is an example of an injunction in real estate?

A court may impose an injunction if, for example, a selling party agrees to sell a parcel of land to an individual and subsequently accepts and pursues an offer from a third-party purchaser. In this example, a court may impose an injunction for the sale of the property to the third-party.

What is an injunction and how does it work?

An injunction is an order by a court commanding or prohibiting a specific action. If a person or company fails to abide by an injunction issued against them, they can be held in contempt of court and punished with imprisonment or fines.

What is an injunction and give an example?

An injunction is a court order stating that a company must do something or seize from doing a certain action. For example, an industrial plant dumping waste into a lake may be served an injunction to stop that activity. Different types of injunctions can be served.

How long does a property injunction last?

Injunctions are typically granted for a set period – often six to 12 months – though they can be indefinite. Injunctions can also be renewed.

How do I get an injunction order on my property?

To get injunction order in India an application has to be filed through a civil lawyer before the appropriate court or tribunal where your case is being heard.

What happens if you get an injunction?

If you already have an injunction, you may have a power of arrest attached, and you can also have powers of arrest attached to an occupation order. These powers come into effect if your abuser breaks the order (see below, Powers of arrest).

What evidence do you need for an injunction?

An application for an interim injunction must usually be supported by evidence. This will usually be in the form of a witness statement or affidavit including all material facts of which the Court should be made aware, and attaching relevant documents.

What is the purpose of an injunction?

The usual purpose of an injunction is to preserve the status quo in situations in which further acts of the specified type, or the failure to perform such acts, would cause one of the parties irreparable harm (i.e., harm that cannot be adequately remedied by an award of monetary damages).

What are the three types of injunction?

An injunction is a court order requiring a person to do or cease doing a specific action. There are three types of injunctions: Permanent Injunctions,Temporary restraining orders and preliminary injunctions.

What types of injunctions are there?

An injunction is a legal remedy imposed by a court. In simple terms, an injunction means that one of the parties to a certain action must either do something or refrain from doing something. There are three types of injunctions: preliminary injunction, temporary restraining order, and a permanent injunction.

Can you fight an injunction?

If there is an injunction against you, you need to fight it as quickly as possible. A lawyer can help you take decisive action.

How much does an injunction cost?

There are no fees to file for an injunction against harassment. The judge may also order the losing party to pay for the winning party’s court costs and attorney’s fees. Although you do not need a lawyer to file for an injunction against harassment, it may be helpful to have a lawyer.

Injunctions in Real Estate Litigation

Undoubtedly one of the most formidable, and at times absolutely required, weapons in the inventory of a real estate litigator is an injunction. An injunction is a court order that bans a party from doing a certain activity. Injunctions can be used to bring conflicts to a close as fast as possible and to protect important real estate interests. However, because of the rapid remedy that injunctive relief may provide, there are critical practical and strategic issues that must be taken into account that are not present in more “normal” cases.

A broad variety of real estate dispute situations may be subject to injunctions if the facts and law warrant the imposition of such an order.

Real estate litigators at Reinhart have pursued and obtained injunctive relief in these areas.

When a case is filed, injunctive relief may be obtained at various phases of the process.

  • An injunction is given at the conclusion of a litigation as part of a final decision and controls the relationship between the parties for the rest of their lives with respect to certain facts and claims.
  • The law permits parties to seek to secure more expedient injunctive relief, such as temporary restraining orders (TROs) and interim injunctions, in order to avoid the possibility that a permanent injunction (if obtained) may be rendered worthless.
  • A temporary restraining order (TRO) is an order that a party can get from a court at the very beginning of a litigation and, in many cases, without the adverse party’s awareness that the party is seeking such an order is seeking one.
  • The judge is likely to sign an order of protection (TRO) produced by the attorney, who will then arrange for the summons, complaint, motion, and TRO to be served on the opposing party.
  • As a result, at the same time that the adverse party becomes aware that he is the subject of a lawsuit, the adverse party is under an urgent obligation to halt and desist from doing certain actions or threatening to take certain actions.
  • However, the relatively short duration of the order makes them a worthwhile investment of time.
  • The court normally decides whether or not the terms of the TRO will be maintained during this hearing, which allows for a more thorough examination of the issues involved.

It oversees the relationship between the parties until a permanent injunction is issued or the lawsuit is dismissed, which may take months or years to reach a decision in a particular instance.

The adverse party will not be enjoined from taking certain actions or threatening actions.

In summary, the evidence requested by the court is meant to reduce the likelihood that the court may award a temporary injunction in error due to a lack of preparation.

If money may be used to compensate an aggrieved party, a court will be more likely (and, in certain cases, may be required by law) to order that party to seek monetary compensation rather than injunctive relief in certain circumstances.

In addition, the party requesting an injunction must establish that it has a realistic chance of succeeding on the merits of its case.

The party requesting an injunction must also deposit a bond in an amount determined by the court and payable to the adverse party, before the injunction may be granted.

The way in which TROs and interim injunctions are litigated has a considerable impact on the approach used in the case.

Most cases allow for months of “discovery,” during which the parties exchange written queries and depose witnesses in the course of the litigation.

The “front loaded” nature of such litigation is necessitated by the evidence that must be presented to the court at a temporary injunction proceeding.

It becomes increasingly difficult for the opposite party to attempt to persuade the court to reverse his or her previous decision.

When a losing party loses a temporary injunction hearing, he or she may seriously contemplate raising the white flag rather than investing more resources in an attempt to persuade the court to reconsider his or her decision.

As a result, the choice whether or not to seek injunctive relief should be properly evaluated by the party involved, with a comprehensive consideration of the costs and advantages involved.

A party must thus be prepared to invest significant resources (both in terms of time and in terms of attorney’s fees) if it want to position itself for success in the most favorable manner.

Our real estate litigators at Reinhart are intimately familiar with the standards for obtaining injunctive relief as well as the practical considerations that must be taken into account.

Although these materials contain general information, they do not constitute legal or tax advice, and they should not be relied upon in that capacity.

Always consult with a lawyer about your particular circumstances before acting on any information presented in these materials because it may not be applicable to you or your situation.

Providing these materials to you does not create an attorney/client relationship. You should not provide confidential information to us until Reinhart agrees to represent you.


Wanda inquired as to whether a person residing on the land might obtain an injunction against it. 29th of July, 2016 at 17:37:03 Greetings, Wanda! They certainly have the ability to do so! It is dependent on the subject. Injunctions, as opposed to other types of relief, may be more difficult to obtain in some cases. This is due to the fact that legal remedies are more suited for the majority of disagreements, however there are certain exceptions. If a disagreement can be resolved by the payment of damages, it is more probable that the court would pick for that alternative rather than another.

  1. Consider the following scenario: two homeowners are involved in a disagreement over a row of ancient trees that are located along the border line of their respective properties.
  2. In this particular instance, requesting an injunction is more appropriate since, once the trees have been chopped down, the harm has been done and there is no turning back the clock.
  3. The deadline for barment is May 8, 2019 at 5 p.m.
  4. As best as I can tell, you’re attempting to save a property from foreclosure before it is sold at auction.
  5. Do you have enough cash on hand to pay down the outstanding balance?
  6. However, certain jurisdictions, such as New Jersey, grant the right of redemption in the event that the property is not redeemed before the foreclosure auction takes place.
  7. If you don’t want to wait, you can bring this issue to the notice of your lender, look for a new attorney, or get in touch with a local real estate agent to explore the best course of action to take.

21st of April, 2018 02:39:57 Yes, Regina, you are correct.

The judge has the authority to do so either permanently or temporarily, but as soon as a foreclosure injunction is issued in the homeowner’s favor, the lender’s or government’s foreclosure is put on hold until the injunction is lifted.

It has taken me several months and a lot of money to get the house in order, and I am just a few days away from finishing enough that the house should pass inspection.

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I’m in desperate need of someone who can complete the injunction on my behalf since I’m running out of time.

Thank you for getting in touch with us.

Are you a resident of Fairfax, Virginia?

If your property is located in a different city than where you live, Please have a look at our large real estate agent directory to locate a real estate professional.

30th of March, 2018 20:16:08 Dear Jezer, thank you so much for your inquiry!

Answer: Any time between the time a court order declares the house to be foreclosed (allowing the lender to put the house up for auction) and the time the house’s title is completely transferred to the new owner, because after that point, if you contest the foreclosure, you won’t be able to get an injunction against the foreclosure.

Real Estate Litigation: Preliminary Injunctions

Preliminary injunctions are frequently seen by real estate attorneys early in the course of a litigation. Frequently, a party will submit a complaint and then file an ex parte application for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction within a few days of filing the complaint. The court will effectively conduct a mini-trial at the outset of the case in order to determine whether or not an injunction is necessary. A real estate injunction may be a potent instrument for gaining leverage in a real estate dispute since it can restrict a party from managing or disposing of a property in the manner of his choosing.

  1. A preliminary injunction is an interim (i.e., before trial) injunction that is intended to maintain the status quo until a trial and final decision are rendered in the case.
  2. Preliminary injunctions are frequently sought in real estate disputes in order to prevent foreclosure, sale, or destruction of property.
  3. A prohibitive injunction bans a party from engaging in a particular activity (i.e., selling the property).
  4. Preliminary injunctions are exactly what they sound like: preliminary.
  5. Even if a preliminary injunction is obtained, the case will proceed as if it were any other civil complaint.
  6. A preliminary injunction application filed by a lawyer in Los Angeles Superior Court, for example, is frequently heard by one judge while the case itself is handled by another judge in the same courtroom.
  7. If an injunction is granted, it may be rendered permanent (if applicable) or it may be revoked at the conclusion of the trial.

When Will a Preliminary Injunction Be Granted by a Court?

In other words, does it appear as though they will prevail in the case?

Obtaining a preliminary injunction cannot be done on the basis of a complaint that does not sufficiently establish legal reasons of action.

The most obvious example of this is when monetary damages are awarded as restitution.

A party requesting an injunction must demonstrate that monetary damages would be insufficient or that determining the amount of damages would be extraordinarily difficult.

According to case law, obligatory injunctions are only permissible in exceptional circumstances and are only given on a rare occasion.

A preliminary injunction will protect the status quo and may serve as tremendous leverage in real estate disputes, therefore it is important to assess whether an application for a preliminary injunction is appropriate at all times before proceeding.

What is an injunction?

Injunctions are an essential legal instrument that some people may not be aware of or comprehend completely. Injunctions are court orders requiring a party to refrain from engaging in a certain action until the order is lifted. The sorts of injunctions available include preliminary injunctions, interim restraining orders, and permanent injunctions, to name a few. Obtaining a preliminary injunction or temporary restraining order early in a dispute can be a valuable tool in preventing one party from engaging in the conduct that the other party believes is injurious to the other party’s interests.

The court may award permanent injunctions in cases where monetary damages are not deemed to be sufficient compensation.

When appropriate, an injunction may compel a party to do a certain action, although they are often used to prevent a party from taking activities that would be detrimental to the party seeking injunctive relief from conducting particular actions.

In spite of the fact that it is sometimes regarded as an extraordinary remedy, it can be an effective tool in commercial real estate situations, as well as in business disputes such as those involving breach of contract or business torts such as intentional interference with contractual relations, where the parties have agreed to a settlement.

The knowledge of the legal remedies accessible to the parties involved in a commercial real estate transaction or other business transaction is beneficial to all parties involved.

Equitable Remedies in Real Estate Lawsuits

Remedies are the types of remedy sought by a person, a group of persons, a corporation, or an organization in a civil legal dispute. Breach of contract litigation are among the types of civil lawsuits. To enforce rights that have been infringed upon by third parties in such cases, courts may mandate the imposition of a remedy. A judicial remedy is often instituted by a court to place the non-breaching party in the same position as if the parties’ agreement had truly been reached. In the legal world, monetary relief is an extremely prevalent example of a legal remedy.

Occasionally, in real estate litigation, which are often related to breach of contract issues, a court may rule that pursuing a legal remedy is not the best course of action.

Instead, a court may order an equitable remedy to be implemented in order to conclude the real estate litigation. The basic concept of equitable remedies is anchored in the concept of fairness. Specific performance, restitution, and injunctions are all examples of equitable remedies.

What are Examples of Specific Performance?

Specified performance is an equitable remedy in which a court compels a party that has breached a contract to do a specific act in line with the contract. Consider the following scenario: A homeowner enters into an agreement to sell their home to another party, but the potential purchaser later decides that they do not want to purchase the home. A court will consider the terms of the agreement and determine whether or not to impose specific performance on the homeowner. Many real estate contracts have provisions for such situations, in which the potential buyer agrees to put down an earnest money deposit in the event that they decide not to proceed with the purchase.

Real estate contracts are also typically written with a contingency period, which allows prospective buyers to pull out of a real estate transaction if specific requirements are not satisfied over a certain amount of time after signing the contract.

When determining whether particular performance is a suitable remedy, it is up to the judge’s discretion to decide.

What are Examples of Restitution?

In general, the term “restitution” refers to the act of returning something to its original or pre-existing state. Generally, in real estate contract disputes, if a contract is canceled, the non-breaching party seeks compensation for the time and money they have spent waiting for the deal to be resolved. The legitimacy of the contract in question must be determined by a court of law. Cases involving real estate violation are decided on an individual case-by-case basis. Only a reasonable amount of reparation can be awarded to the party who did not violate the agreement.

What are Examples of an Injunction?

Injunctions are another type of equitable remedy that can be used in real estate litigation cases. Injunctions are often issued against parties to compel them to refrain from engaging in a certain action. The refusal to comply with an injunction may result in the party being found in contempt of court and facing imprisonment. If, for example, a selling party agrees to sell a plot of property to an individual but then accepts and pursues an offer from a third-party bidder, a court may issue an injunction against the selling party.

What Happens if There is a Breach of Contract?

Contracts, such as real estate agreements, can occasionally end in disagreements between the parties involved.

Contracts are legally enforceable agreements between at least two parties that are signed by both sides. Contracts must have some basic features in order to be regarded legally binding and legitimate, including the following:

  • An offer that is legitimate
  • Acceptance of the offer
  • All of the provisions of the contract have been agreed upon by the parties
  • The contract’s terms are unambiguous
  • Also, consideration must be provided by each party, which indicates that each party must contribute something to the other party.

Contracts that are legally binding can be either verbal or written. If an agreement contains all of the components listed above, it is deemed to be legally binding. A breach or violation of a contract happens when one of the parties to the contract fails to perform their obligations under the agreement. Negotiations and contract conflicts between the parties involved can lead to and be addressed through the use of mediation, arbitration, or litigation.

Should I Call a Real Estate Attorney?

Real estate disputes are complex affairs that may take a long time and be expensive to resolve, and they can have long-term consequences for the parties involved. A qualified, local real estate attorney who is aware with all of the remedies available should be consulted regarding your real estate concerns. Real estate attorneys can guide you through the process and explain all of your options, including equitable remedies, in the event of a dispute over real estate. Ken started working with LegalMatch in January 2002.

Ken practiced law for four years in San Francisco, California, where he dealt with a wide range of cases in areas as diverse as Family Law (divorces, child custody and support, restraining orders, paternity), Real Estate (property ownership, landlord/tenant disputes for residential and commercial property), Criminal Law (misdemeanors, felonies, juvenile, traffic infractions), Personal Injury (automobile accidents, medical malpractice, slip and fall), and Entertainment Law (dis (chapter 7 personal bankruptcies).

In addition to a Juris Doctorate from Golden Gate University School of Law, Ken also possesses a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from Pepperdine University.

Ken is a member of the American Bar Association, the San Francisco Bar Association, and the California Lawyers for the Arts, among other professional organizations.

The most recent update was on July 27, 2020.

Injunction Definition

An injunction is a court order directing a person or corporation to either halt doing or begin doing something specified in order to avoid legal consequences. Generally speaking, injunctions are divided into three categories: temporary restraining orders, preliminary injunctions, and permanent injunctions.

Key Takeaways

  • Generally speaking, an injunction is a legal decision by a judge that orders a person or other organization to either cease or begin a particular action. The three basic types of injunctions are restraining orders, preliminary (temporary) injunctions, and permanent injunctions
  • Restraining orders are the most common type of injunction. Cease and desist orders are a typical form of injunction that require an individual or corporation to cease and desist from engaging in a certain conduct.

Understanding Injunctions

Early in a judicial case, restraining orders and preliminary injunctions are often imposed when the court agrees that doing so may prevent damaging actions done by a defendant in the future from occurring. For example, restraining orders are frequently used to restrict a defendant from having contact with a plaintiff in a civil case. Preliminary and permanent injunctions are imposed in civil cases based on the evidence that is submitted by the plaintiff in the lawsuit. A preliminary injunction could be granted in the case of a married couple that owns a business but is going through a separation or divorce.

The wife may seek a temporary restraining order to prevent certain business activities from taking place until the court has resolved the ownership dispute.

Additionally, in cases when monetary reparation is insufficient to restore the injury, a court may issue an injunction.

Rather than just awarding damages to the defendant, a court could further order that the defendant refrain from engaging in a certain activity or conducting a particular business for the rest of his life.

Obtaining an Injunction

In order to obtain a temporary injunction, a plaintiff must typically demonstrate to the court that they have a reasonable chance of succeeding on the merits of their case, that they will suffer potential harm if the injunction is not granted, that the potential harm outweighs any damage that the injunction may cause the opposing party, and that the benefit or harm to the parties is equitable. When seeking a permanent injunction, the plaintiff must demonstrate that they have suffered irreparable harm, that monetary damages alone are insufficient compensation, that the order is warranted in light of the relative hardships experienced by the parties, and that the order would not be detrimental to the public interest.

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Example: Cease and Desist

A halt and desist order imposes an injunction on a firm or individual, preventing them from engaging in actions that are deemed suspicious. Unstoppable conduct may be prohibited by a cease-and-desist order, which can be either a temporary injunction until a trial to decide the outcome can be held or a permanent injunction once the trial is completed. A halt and desist order is legally binding, whether it is temporary or permanent in nature. When a government agency or court is satisfied that there is reasonable cause to suspect that an unlawful or harmful action is taking place, the agency or court will issue an order compelling the offender to cease and desist from the behavior.

Injunction – Definition, Examples, Processes

When a court orders someone or something to do something, it is known as an injunction. An injunction prevents someone or something from doing something. It is necessary for the plaintiff to identify what type of remedy he is seeking from the court when filing a civil action. Money damages, sometimes known as monetary recompense, are sought in many civil disputes in the United States. In other instances, however, money will not be sufficient to remedy the plaintiff’s predicament. In this situation, he may ask the court to impose an injunction, commonly known as “injunctive relief,” against the defendant, which the court may grant.

Consider the following definition of an injunction as a starting point for exploring this issue.

Definition of Injunction

  1. A court order requiring an individual or entity to do, or abstain from performing, a particular conduct

1520-30Late Latin injunction was the source of the injunction.

What is an Injunction

The issuance of an injunction by a court of law, ordering that the party to a legal action perform some specified action or cease engaging in some act, provides an alternative means of obtaining legal redress to money damages for persons and businesses involved in a legal action.

If the person against whom the civil injunction is issued fails to comply with the order to do or not do something, they may be susceptible to both civil and criminal penalties. A charge of contempt of court is brought against a person who fails to comply with a court order in several jurisdictions.

Types of Civil Injunction

Injunctions, whether sought as part of a civil litigation or merely as an attempt to prohibit an activity that might result in some form of damage, are frequently employed to prevent property damage or financial loss. Other sorts of civil injunctions that are often employed include restraining orders. A restraining order prevents the individual against whom the order is filed from communicating with the person who has requested the injunction. Restraining orders are intended to shield the person who has requested them from acts of violence, threats, and harassment.

Purpose of a Preliminary Injunction

While civil damages might be used to compensate for harm that has already happened, the fundamental goal of an injunction is to prevent the harm from occurring in the first instance. Preliminary injunctions are frequently issued by courts in order to prevent further action until a hearing can be convened to determine what course of action should be taken. As an illustration: Mary and Tom have been at their house for more than 40 years, during which time they have created a beautiful landscape dotted with large shade trees.

Mary and Tom do not want the tree removed, so they file a civil case against the neighbor, asking for a civil injunction to prevent the tree from being removed.

An injunction is intended to do this.

Permanent Injunction

Unlike a temporary injunction, a permanent injunction is normally only imposed by a court after the legal proceedings have come to an end. The court may also impose a permanent injunction against the person who is the subject of the injunction if that party defaults or fails to present at the hearing. Generally, a permanent injunction forces a person or organization to cease behaving in a certain manner permanently; but, it can also compel them to act or perform in a particular manner. For example, once Nick gets dismissed from his work, he threatens to leak confidential company information to the press and the public.

Because the publication of sensitive corporate information has the potential to cause significant harm, the judge is likely to grant a preliminary injunction banning Nick from exposing the material in question.

If the judge imposes a permanent order, Nick will be forever barred from disclosing this information with anybody else in any capacity. Nick may be subject to criminal prosecution as well as civil liability if he fails to comply with the injunction.

How to Get an Injunction

The first step in obtaining an injunction is to file a petition with the court for injunctive relief. When filing a civil action, this is typically done at the outset of the process in order to avoid having to pay a filing fee to the court. Because they are concerned with personal safety, injunctions in the form of restraining orders do not necessitate the payment of any filing fees. Once the petition has been filed, a temporary injunction or restraining order will be given to prevent the violation from occurring.

The paperwork must be personally served on the opposing party in either situation, and a hearing date will be arranged.

When deciding whether or not to award a permanent injunction, the judge will take into account all of the material provided during the hearing.

Legal Terms and Issues

  • A civil lawsuit is a legal proceeding that is initiated in court when one person claims to have incurred a loss as a result of the acts of another person. monetary payment in recompense for a financial loss, loss of or damage to personal property, or injury An individual or entity against whom a lawsuit has been brought in civil court, or who has been accused of or charged with committing a crime or offense
  • A defendant. The process through which a question of fact or law is heard before a court, evidence is given, and a decision is reached
  • Hearing Individual, corporation, association, trust, or other organization that is legally recognized in the eyes of the law is referred to as a legal entity. Contracts may be entered into, responsibilities can be assumed, debts can be repaid, lawsuits can be filed, and an organization can be held accountable for its conduct. As in a civil case or criminal proceedings, a plaintiff is a person who initiates legal action against another person or business. A restraining order is a court order that prohibits an individual from carrying out a defined activity, or from approaching or having contact with a specified person
  • It is also known as a restraining order restraining order. The presenting of evidence before a judge and jury for the purpose of finding guilt or innocence in a criminal case, or to make a judgment in civil proceedings
  • Victim– A person who is hurt, murdered, or otherwise damaged as a result of a criminal act, accident, or other occurrence

What is an Injunction and How Does It Work?

An injunction is a court order that either requires or prohibits the performance of a certain activity. In the majority of circumstances, it instructs one party to cease and desist from doing something that is harmful to another party. In order for the first party to get an injunction, the party must demonstrate to the court that there is no alternative acceptable remedy. When considering whether or not to grant an injunction, the court must balance the necessity for one on the part of the first party against the due process rights of the second party to go on his or her business as usual.

  • Injunctions are frequently utilized in cases involving business, real estate, and contractual obligations.
  • It is possible to get a Temporary Injunction (also known as a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO)) from a court ordering that someone refrain from performing activity that might cause injury to another for a certain length of time.
  • A Preliminary Injunction is frequently given at the outset of a lawsuit to prevent one party from continuing to engage in conduct that might cause harm to the opposing party while the matter is being litigated further.
  • In many cases, a Permanent Injunction is given after the conclusion of a trial, and it may be used to extend the terms of a preliminary injunction by granting it permanent status.
  • For example, a non-compete agreement may provide that a seller has the right to seek injunctive relief against a rival, which indicates that the seller has the authority to seek and would seek an injunction against the competitor.
  • The party who has been affected will seek an injunction to prevent his opponent from causing more injury to him until the case can be considered by a court of law.
  • In the case of a non-compete provision, an injunction would look something like this: In a deal with Sam the Electrician, Jim has sold his electrical contracting firm.

Jim signed the agreement.

Every day that Jim works as an electrician in Sam’s neighborhood, he is causing damage to Sam’s business, unless Jim can prevent this from happening.

In Bankruptcy, Injunctions Are Granted Creditors who seek to collect debts during the bankruptcy process might be barred from doing so by an injunction issued by the bankruptcy court.

If a creditor wishes to have the automatic stay lifted, he or she must file a petition with the bankruptcy court.

Before a court will issue an injunction to prevent a copyright violation from occurring, the copyright owner must first register the copyright with the appropriate authorities.

When a corporate board member’s actions are not in the best interests of the corporation, an injunction may be necessary to bring his or her conduct into compliance with his or her obligations.

What is an injunction?

Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer.Full Bio → Written byInsurance Lawyer

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  • According to the definition of injunction, an injunction is an order given by a court to compel the defendant-a person, company, or government entity-to do something or refrain from doing something, based on what the plaintiff is seeking of the defendant in the lawsuit.
  • When victims decide to launch a lawsuit, they must explain what form of legal remedy (or relief) they are requesting the court to provide them in their request for redress.
  • Instead of requesting monetary damages from a court, a plaintiff may petition the court for an injunction (also known as injunctive relief) against the defendant.
  • Any plaintiff seeking injunctions should speak with an experienced attorney before proceeding with their case.

What is the purpose of an injunction?

A court may grant injunctive relief to prevent a harmful action, to put a halt to continuous or recurrent behavior that violates a person’s rights or causes injury, or to compel a defendant to take action in order to avert harm. Remember that when you file a lawsuit, you may ask for both monetary damages and injunctive relief if both are necessary for an appropriate legal remedy. For example, you may have filed a lawsuit with the request for money damages, but because the defendant continued to act in bad faith, the continued violation of your rights shows that monetary damages are not sufficient to stop or deter a defendant, and it appears that you will require injunctive relief as well.

Injunctive relief is generally regarded as a legal remedy of last resort, which means that when you file a lawsuit, you must demonstrate that no other legal remedies are adequate for your situation, either because the subject of the lawsuit is unique or because money alone is insufficient to deter bad behavior, before you can obtain an injunction.

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In this case, the trees are on your property.

The injunction would be justified since money damages will not be sufficient to replace trees that are over 100 years old. The most important need is to demonstrate that irreparable harm would result if the injunction is not granted.

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How do you get an injunction?

The injunction procedure begins with the filing of a petition with the court seeking that injunctive relief be granted. Because a petition is typically the first step in a lawsuit, you will be required to pay a filing fee when you file your petition. You may also be required to deposit a bond if the legal remedy you are seeking is of a significant nature, as determined by the court. The court can compel the defendant to temporarily do something or stop doing something they are already doing until a final hearing can be held if your motion for an injunction is granted.

Both sides are given the opportunity to present evidence to the court during the final hearing.

It is recommended that you speak with an attorney before filing a case in order to determine which sort of legal remedy is most appropriate for your injuries.

What are permanent injunctions?

When a lawsuit involving the present action is concluded, permanent injunctions are often given. This is in contrast to a preliminary injunction, which may be issued while the litigation is still underway. Injunctions are granted at the time of the final decision, and as a result, they are in effect for a longer amount of time than other types of injunctions. The defendant is eternally barred from the conduct of an act or from abstaining from the commission of an act, whichever is more severe.

What are temporary injunctions?

Injunctive relief against injury that protects the subject matter in its current state, without the defendant’s involvement or threat of action, is known as a temporary injunction. It protects the victim from being disposed of, or from having his or her property destroyed or injured, as well as against any injury to the plaintiff or anybody else. A temporary injunction protects the rights of a person or corporation until the final decision is rendered in their favor. When a protective order is granted, it is valid for a certain amount of time or until the court determines that it is no longer necessary.

An injunction order is not a right in and of itself; nonetheless, the courts have complete authority over whether or not to grant one.

For example, a domestic violence injunction may be sought against someone who has lived with you as a family in the past or who now lives with you as a family in the future.

Any other criminal offense resulting in physical injury or death to the petitioner or petitioner’s family is also considered domestic violence.

What is an Injunction? – Definition, Types, Process & Example – Video & Lesson Transcript

Generally, an injunction will not be granted unless the party requesting the injunction can demonstrate that the court’s refusal to award the injunction will result in irreparable harm to the party seeking the injunction. An irreparable injury occurs when the harm caused on one party is so severe that no monetary or other sort of compensation may be considered a sufficient compensation for having to endure the conditions. Furthermore, the party must demonstrate that there is no alternative remedy available.


The numerous types of injunctions are as follows: a preliminary injunction, a temporary restraining order, and a permanent injunction, among others. An apriliminary injunction is one that is granted to a party prior to the commencement of a trial. Because a full trial has not yet taken place, courts are generally reluctant to issue this type of injunction unless it is absolutely necessary, and serious harm could result if the preliminary injunction is not granted. However, if the preliminary injunction is not granted, serious harm could result.

The duration and scope of this form of injunction are quite limited.

A permanent injunction, on the other hand, is one that is given after a trial has taken place in the subject.

The issuing of a permanent injunction implies that the parties involved must either cease behaving or begin acting in a certain manner for the rest of their lives.

Process for Obtainment

Every jurisdiction has a unique method for seeking an injunction that must be followed. However, the most common method of obtaining an injunction is to submit a complaint with the required supporting papers with the appropriate court. Following then, it is possible that oral arguments concerning the injunction may be heard; however, this would depend on the norms of the individual court in question.

Injunctive relief – where a property owner’s enjoyment of his land is interfered with, should a court grant an injunction to prevent the continuation of that interference, or may it award damages in lieu?

The most important points

  • When a property owner’s rights are being violated, the traditional starting point has been for a court to issue an injunction to prevent the wrongdoer from continuing to cause the nuisance. However, the Supreme Court has recently stated that courts have been far too quick to issue injunctions in recent years, which it believes is unconstitutional. Because of this, courts should be more prepared to entertain an award of damages in lieu of an injunction, particularly when there are broader “public policy” considerations at stake (for example, the loss of local jobs if a factory is closed).

Background Following on from the last item in this month’s property update, this one is related to it since it comes out of the same case, the Supreme Court’s ruling in Coventry v Lawrence & another. Once it had been determined that there might be such a thing as an easement to emit noise, and that the planning history of the “dominant” site could be taken into consideration, the Supreme Court proceeded to evaluate what remedy should be provided to the complainants in this case. What would be the best course of action: would an injunction be issued, mandating that the speedway stadium and motocross track be utilized in a different, more limited manner, or would a monetary settlement with Ms Lawrence and Mr Shields suffice instead?

Therefore, there was a legally actionable inconvenience.

A claimant who believes that his or her property rights are being violated was entitled to an injunction in the first instance, and that situation remains unchanged despite this decision.

As a result, Lord Neuberger went out of his way to ensure that the courts, as well as the parties to future cases, were reminded that an injunction is ultimately an equitable remedy, which means that it is available at the discretion of the court rather than being a legal remedy that is available by right.

Many times in the course of a nuisance lawsuit, the 1895 Court of Appeal judgment in Shelfer v City of London Electric Lighting Company is brought up as a point of contention.

It is cited as authority (typically by the defendant) for the idea that a claimant should not be entitled to an injunction in the following circumstances:

  • The claimant’s legal rights have suffered just a little setback. It has the ability to be valued in monetary terms
  • It can be amply repaid by a minor monetary award
  • Yet, An injunction would be burdensome to the developer
  • Hence, one should not be granted.

It is important to note that courts do not enjoy the appearance of sanctioning the defendant’s misbehavior by granting damages while also permitting the nuisance to persist. Even in Shelfer, the court expressed concern that the Court of Chancery would be permitting “a wrong to persist just because the perpetrator is able and ready to pay for the harm he may inflict.a tribunal for legalizing unlawful conduct” to continue. The vast majority of recent cases in this field of law have dealt with rights of light disputes, in which a development has interfered with the light received by neighboring properties as a result of the development.

For example, in the 2010 case of HKRUK II (CHC) Limited v Heaney, the High Court ordered a developer to demolish a portion of a building’s top two stories, despite the fact that some of the space had already been leased to a tenant.

When a claimant establishes that a defendant’s acts form a nuisance, the Supreme Court’s decision in Coventry v LawrenceLord Neuberger maintained that the claimant is – on the face of it – entitled to an injunction to prevent the defendant from continuing to commit the nuisance (in addition to damages for past nuisance).

  1. As a result, the Supreme Court reinstated the preliminary injunction that had been issued by the High Court.
  2. The Supreme Court determined that he was the most qualified individual to establish the parameters of the injunction.
  3. The Supreme Court, on the other hand, enabled the defendants to seek an order of the High Court by which damages might be given in lieu of an injunction, as permitted by the Constitution.
  4. As a result, the High Court had not yet had the opportunity to consider awarding damages in lieu of money.
  5. They have nothing to do with the future positions of the political parties.
  6. However, this was yet another area in which the members of the Supreme Court did not act as a cohesive unit.
  7. In particular, it is possible that an injunction should not be issued as a matter of principle in the instance of a land use to which an objection is lodged that needs – and has received – planning authorization “.
  8. For the time being, these are only considerations for a court to examine, but it is worth noting that the public interest is a crucial aspect that might be taken into consideration.
  9. Because each case will be very fact-specific, the court should be free to analyze the conflicting facts and determine the most suitable remedy for each given scenario, according to the opinion.
  10. Once again, to paraphrase Lord Neuberger: “The fact that a defendant’s business may be forced to close as a result of an injunction should, without a doubt, be considered significant.

Occasionally, the grant of planning permission for a specific activity (whether carried out at the claimant’s or the defendant’s premises) may provide strong support for the contention that the activity is of public benefit, which would be relevant to the question of whether or not to grant an injunction in a particular instance “.

One thing has become abundantly evident as a result of the Supreme Court’s decision: a court is not required to “slavishly” obey the Shelferprinciples in all circumstances.

In the absence of an injunction, the amount of damages is calculated.

Their Lordships’ opinions on this matter differed more than on any other issue posed by the case, and this was the point on which they disagreed.

Generally, he explained, when determining the amount of damages to be awarded in place of an injunction, the starting point is often based on the reduction in value of the claimant’s property as a result of the ongoing presence of the nuisance.

Thus, Lord Neuberger acknowledged that – in some situations – damage awards might be computed not by reference to the claimant’s losses, but rather in terms of benefits accrued by the defendant.

This is referred to as the buy-out concept, and it was taken into consideration in a June 2012 notice.

Possibly, when the matter is returned to the lower court for consideration of whether the injunction will be replaced by damages, this same topic will be addressed.

It has also confirmed that public problems, which are separate from the parties’ private rights, may be taken into consideration.

However, the very fact that the Supreme Court has begun to move away from a premise that has been in place for almost 120 years is a significant step forward in the right direction.

As is the case with many neighbor issues, it is preferable if the parties can come to an agreement without resorting to legal action.

Complaints should be examined as soon as possible with the goal of minimizing any potential harm.

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