DU stands for Desktop Underwriter and LP stands for Loan Prospector. Both DU and LP are types of automated underwriting systems (AUS).
What is a du in a mortgage?
- DU in relation to a mortgage stands for Desktop Underwriter, which is a mortgage program used to analyze a borrower’s application to see if it meets criteria set up by the governing agency of that type of a mortgage, be it a government program or a Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac one.
- 1 What is DU in mortgage?
- 2 What is DU approval in real estate?
- 3 What does a Du refer mean?
- 4 How long does a Du approval take?
- 5 How long is Du approval good for?
- 6 How do you release DU findings to a lender?
- 7 What does Du approved mean?
- 8 What does Du approve eligible mean?
- 9 What is a mortgage Du approval?
- 10 What is a Du underwriting findings?
- 11 What is the risk threshold for automated approval for an FHA loan?
- 12 Can you share DU findings?
- 13 Why would an underwriter deny a loan?
- 14 What happens when a mortgage goes to underwriting?
- 15 Is no news good news when loan is in underwriting?
- 16 How a DU Can Get a Purchase Offer Accepted
- 17 What Is a Desktop Underwriting?
- 18 Different Requirements for Different DUs
- 19 How the DU Can Give Buyers an Edge
- 20 Desktop Underwriter (DU) and Loan Prospector (LP): What They Are and Why They Matter
- 21 Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
- 22 Desktop Underwriter and Loan Prospector
- 23 How Do DU and LP Apply to the Mortgage Process?
- 24 Conclusion
- 25 What is Desktop Underwriter (DU) and What Does It Mean?
- 26 What Is DU In Mortgage?
- 27 What Is Desktop Underwriting?
- 28 How Does Desktop Underwriting Work?
- 29 DU And LP Mortgage
- 30 DU Underwriting Recommendations
- 31 How To Read DU Findings?
- 32 Conclusion
- 33 – DU Job Aid: Data Entry Instructions for Real Estate Owned and Liability Indicators
- 34 Using Real Estate Owned (REO) data
- 35 Entering data in the liabilities section
- 36 Entering data in the REO section
- 37 Using liability indicators
- 38 What’s the Difference between a Pre-Approval Letter and a Loan Commitment?
- 39 What Is DU Automated Approval On Automated Underwriting System
- 40 Fannie Mae Versus Freddie Mac AUS
- 41 How Mortgages Get Approved And Closed
- 42 DU Automated Approval Is The Industry Standard
- 43 AUS FINDINGS
- 44 DU Automated Approval For Non-Conforming Loans
- 45 DU Automated Approval On FHA Loans
- 46 Debt To Income Ratios And DU Automated Approval
- 47 How Conventional Automated Underwriting Decisions Work
- 48 Seller’s Agent Asking for DU. Should I provide it?
What is DU in mortgage?
Desktop Underwriter (DU) is an automated underwriting system developed by Fannie Mae to help mortgage lenders make informed credit decisions on conventional and government loans. It then covers how to interpret underwriting recommendations and review reports accurately.
What is DU approval in real estate?
Desktop Underwriting (DU) is a system that lenders use to review a borrower’s financial qualifications. Lenders may also pull a Loan Product Advisor (LPA); this is desktop underwriting used by Freddie Mac. Sending a DU with a purchase offer can help you stand out as long as you have strong credit.
What does a Du refer mean?
When a loan casefile receives a Refer with Caution recommendation, the lender should: Review the Desktop Underwriter (DU) loan data for accuracy and verify that all income, assets, and liabilities were accurately recorded and fully disclosed by the borrower.
How long does a Du approval take?
Underwriting—the process by which mortgage lenders verify your assets, and check your credit scores and tax returns before you get a home loan—can take as little as two to three days. Typically, though, it takes over a week for a loan officer or lender to complete.
How long is Du approval good for?
Credit Scores on the credit report are good for 120 days from the date it was pulled.
How do you release DU findings to a lender?
Releasing a Loan Casefile Back to an Originator
- Select the loan casefile you want to release.
- The Loan Information screen appears. In the navigation bar on the left side of the screen, click Release Loan.
What does Du approved mean?
DU stands for Desktop Underwriter and LP stands for Loan Prospector. Loan originators use DU and LP to determine whether a loan meets Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac’s eligibility requirements which means DU or LP approval is a critical step towards closing on a mortgage.
What does Du approve eligible mean?
To be eligible for sale to Fannie Mae, a DU loan must receive an Approve/Eligible recommendation, which means that it passes two gates: both the eligibility criteria and the risk assessment. With DU 10.1, both the eligibility criteria and the risk assessment have been updated.
What is a mortgage Du approval?
Desktop Underwriter is an automated system for mortgage underwriting. It calculates whether a loan meets approval requirements. It is used by Fannie Mae or, in some cases, the Federal Housing Authority (FHA).
What is a Du underwriting findings?
The DU Underwriting Findings report summarizes the overall underwriting recommendation and lists the steps necessary for the lender to complete the processing of the loan file. This is typically the first report viewed by an underwriter or a loan officer after the loan casefile has been underwritten with DU.
What is the risk threshold for automated approval for an FHA loan?
Specifically, FHA has decided to place limits on borrower’s maximum housing and total debt to income ratio. Automated underwriting plays a key role in lender pre-approvals, but borrowers with scores under 620 and a total debt to income ratio over 43% must be manually underwritten.
Unless otherwise required by law, no other sharing of the DU Findings Report is permitted.
Why would an underwriter deny a loan?
Whether in the beginning or end, reasons for a mortgage loan denial may include credit score drop, property issues, fraud, job loss or change, undisclosed debt, and more.
What happens when a mortgage goes to underwriting?
Underwriting simply means that your lender verifies your income, assets, debt and property details in order to issue final approval for your loan. An underwriter is a financial expert who takes a look at your finances and assesses how much risk a lender will take on if they decide to give you a loan.
Is no news good news when loan is in underwriting?
When it comes to mortgage lending, no news isn’t necessarily good news. Particularly in today’s economic climate, many lenders are struggling to meet closing deadlines, but don’t readily offer up that information.
How a DU Can Get a Purchase Offer Accepted
As the property market becomes increasingly competitive, buyers must find new and creative methods to distinguish themselves. Home sellers have gotten more sophisticated in their understanding of the home selling process. Many lenders are now requiring customers to go the additional mile and provide a desktop underwriting, or DU, report along with their purchase agreement. Sellers may not have been aware of the existence of a DU prior to the invention of the internet. This fast but extensive profile of a buyer’s financial credentials offers a reasonably accurate picture of whether or not the buyer will be able to obtain financing to purchase the house.
- Desktop Underwriting (DU) is a method that lenders use to assess a borrower’s financial qualifications
- Lenders may also draw a Loan Product Advisor (LPA), which is desktop underwriting utilized by Freddie Mac
- And lenders may also pull a Loan Product Advisor (LPA). In the event that you have excellent credit, sending a DU with a buy offer might help you stand out from the crowd.
What Is a Desktop Underwriting?
When completed, a DU provides a reasonably full financial picture of the borrower. A DU, also known as “automated underwriting,” is a technique that many lenders employ to swiftly examine a borrower’s financial credentials and decide on the loan conditions they will offer.
Fannie Mae has authorized and is now using its own automated underwriting system, dubbed Desktop Underwriter, to evaluate mortgage applications. This is also occasionally utilized in conjunction with FHA loans. A scan and assessment of application information, including credit score and financial reserves, is performed by the program. A proportion of a borrower’s gross monthly income that would be required for the mortgage payment (including taxes and insurance) is also calculated. This figure is referred to as the housing expense ratio in some circles.
This would amount to around $6,666.67 every month.
In addition, if the borrower had revolving debt that adds up to an extra $252 each month, the back-end ratio, also known as the total expense ratio, would be 39.47 percent.
Different Requirements for Different DUs
Prior to closing, the DU may require that certain debts be eradicated or paid in full by the buyer. Even if all of the criteria have been satisfied, it might reveal a short sale or a foreclosure, which could create difficulties in obtaining a loan approval in the future. This document will identify the majority of creditor revolving accounts, as well as any delinquent amounts and monthly minimum payments that each creditor expects the borrower to make. In other words, it’s a snapshot in time of the financial debt and assets as reported by specific vendors and by the borrower on the loan application form.
A Loan Product Advisor (LPA), originally known as a Loan Prospector, may be requested by a borrower’s lender from time to time.
On an LPA, for example, the two-year requirement for employment may be decreased to one year, saving the employer money.
Because of this, all parties can qualify as if the property is owner-occupied rather than nonowner-occupied. Generally speaking, homeownership interest rates are lower than those of nonownership interest rates.
How the DU Can Give Buyers an Edge
Buyers are frequently apprehensive in the face of many offers. They may have the impression that the odds are stacked against them or that an agent is attempting to undermine a deal. Multiple offers, on the other hand, are very common in seller’s markets. If you’re out looking for a lovely home, there are at least 20 other people doing the same thing. While not every buyer will come to see the house you wish to buy, there will be enough of them to create many offers. However, just because there are several offers does not imply that you should quit up and declare defeat.
- One technique to set yourself apart from the competition is to hand over the money to the vendor.
- A preapproval letter or a prequalification letter is not usually sufficient proof of eligibility.
- A DU is a method of demonstrating your financial worth.
- It also provides an overview of your financial situation, including your FICO ratings.
When a seller reads through a DU, they might not understand all of it. But they will know that a strong FICO score reflects high creditworthiness. On the other side, if your FICO ratings are lower than the usual, you might not want to offer that information to the seller. This method works best among highly qualified borrowers. Even when a buyer is putting down more than 20 percent , a seller may want a DU to verify they’re dependable. Sometimes a borrower’s credit is so bad that the only way a lender will qualify the buyer is if the buyer puts down a big chunk of change.
The requirements to obtain financing without a down payment are generally much higher than for those putting down the minimum amount.
That means you can rest assured that another buyer won’t automatically think to provide it.
Desktop Underwriter (DU) and Loan Prospector (LP): What They Are and Why They Matter
DU is an abbreviation for Desktop Underwriter, and LP is an abbreviation for Loan Prospector. Automatic underwriting systems (DU) and loss prevention systems (LP) are both forms of automated underwriting systems (AUS). It is the job of loan originators to assess if an application fits the eligibility standards of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, which means that receiving permission for DU or LP approval is a vital stage in the mortgage loan process.
First and foremost, it is critical that we grasp who the individuals associated with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are before we can fully comprehend what they are up to and why they are significant.
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) that were established by Congress to encourage homebuying. In order to achieve this purpose, they acquire mortgages from lenders, combine the loans they have acquired, and then offer the resulting mortgage-backed securities to investors. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac free up funds for lenders by acquiring mortgages from them. This allows the lenders to issue additional loans in the future. Lenders would swiftly run out of cash if Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae were not in place to provide them with funding.
Consequently, they have established parameters for the debts that they are ready to buy.
- Amount of debt compared to income
- Required reserves
- Loan-to-value ratio Credit score and profile
- Collateral specifications
- And other information
Desktop Underwriter and Loan Prospector
When a lender underwrites your loan, they consider your capacity to repay the loan, your credit history, the type of property being financed, and the type of loan you are applying for. The DU and LP both perform the identical functions, with the exception that the process is automated through the use of these technologies. DU and LP collect information entered by a loan officer and compare it to the rules set out by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, respectively. So keep in mind that Desktop Underwriter (DU) is Fannie Mae’s automated underwriting system, whereas Loan Prospector is Freddie Mac’s automated underwriting system
How Do DU and LP Apply to the Mortgage Process?
In order to begin processing a mortgage application, the loan officer must first gather information from the applicant. This will contain information on your income, job history, credit history, asset information, and other relevant factors. It is then sent from the loan origination system to one of the automated underwriting systems (LP or DU), where it is further processed. Following that, the AUS evaluates the inputs in accordance with established rules from Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. Furthermore, depending on the number of linkages with third-party information providers already in place, the system will automatically validate their inputs as well.
- If relevant, the system will additionally show whether or not the auto-validation process was successful.
- The AUS will always verify and validate your credit history, but your income will only be certified if your company submits data to a third-party provider, and your assets will only be validated if you have opted to link your bank data into the system.
- The mortgage underwriter next checks the information that has been supplied and runs the DU or LP a second time.
- Once you’ve met all of the requirements, the loan will be ready to close.
Despite the fact that it is a positive indicator. The underwriter must still review your documents even if you have gotten an initial AUS approval before you may acquire a final approval.
Brought together, the information from the DU and LP gives applicants and lending officials an improved understanding of whether or not a loan will be authorized. Having said that, in practice, an experienced mortgage loan officer will be able to tell a borrower exactly what evidence is required in advance. Even so, using an automated underwriting system is a wonderful method to double-check everything and ensure that nothing is missed before the loan is sent to the underwriter. For additional benefit, while looking for a house in a competitive market like Southern California, a loan approval from a Lender of Record (LP or DU) can help you stand out from other buyers since it provides more specific information than a basic pre-approval.
What is Desktop Underwriter (DU) and What Does It Mean?
This entry was filed under:Qualifying for a Mortgage Loan,Tips for Realtors. Today’s topic is strongly focused on real estate: we’re talking about Desktop Underwriters, often known as DUs, which are automated underwriting systems. The reason I decided to talk about this issue today is that DU recently published a new version, and the enhancements appear to be a significant improvement for the industry overall.
What is DU?
Developed by Fannie Mae, a desktop underwriter is a software tool that assesses a loan application, including the credit report and any supporting paperwork. The information we receive from an applicant for a loan is processed by DU, which offers us with an automatic acceptance or refusal of the loan application. All that is left for the underwriter to do is to double-check the information that has already been entered into the system. Once these facts (as well as the appraisal and a few other factors) have been verified, the loan is given final clearance.
Loan Prospector is a product similar to Loan Prospector that is offered by Freddie Mac (LP).
Why is DU Important?
I do a lot of things on a daily basis, one of which is providing pre-approvals to people who are looking to purchase a house. We require this information to be extremely exact in order to assist potential buyers in determining whether or not they qualify for financing for a house they are interested in purchasing. As part of this process, I collaborate with the buyers to gather all of the essential information, after which I run everything through the system and offer specifics to the real estate agent on the DU results and the pre-approval letter.
The DU results, as previously indicated, can provide all parties with the peace of mind that there is a low danger of financing issues throughout the closing process.
DU is Only as Good as the Information that is Input
Please remember that the quality of this system is solely dependent on the quality of the information that is entered into the software. This means that each buyer must supply complete and correct information in order for us to offer an appropriate assessment of their financial status. If a buyer or a lender offers you with a copy of the DU results in order to boost their offer, it is critical that you carefully review the report’s data and properly explain the conclusions and recommendations.
For example, a rounded amount such as $10,000 in income per month or $100,000 in assets may raise red flags since it is likely that the individual guessed the statistics rather than presenting accurate facts about their situation.
We have discovered that DU is an excellent tool for assisting our listing agents in vetting potential purchasers. If you are seeking for information from a DU report, my staff would be pleased to assist you. If you want further information, please contact me at Franklin Loan Center.
What Is DU In Mortgage?
DU is for Desktop Underwriter, and it is an automated underwriting framework for mortgage guaranteeing that was developed by Fannie Mae to assist mortgage lenders in determining if a credit fits the requirements for endorsement. This applies to both conventional and government loans. It is also used by the Federal Housing Administration from time to time (FHA). But what exactly is DU in the context of mortgages? Read this article to learn how a desktop underwriter works and how it may benefit you in your efforts to compete in the real estate market.
What Is Desktop Underwriting?
In order to determine if a borrower is a good enough risk for a loan, Fannie Mae employs its Desktop Underwriter application, which is available online. This is accomplished by examining a variety of factors, such as the following: These sources of information are used to determine whether or not a borrower has the necessary capabilities to qualify for a certain loan. If all of the conditions are satisfied, the system will provide an automated approval for the transaction. Desktop Underwriter is the industry standard when it comes to insuring mortgages.
Consequently, contemplations on race, sexual orientation, or other banned elements are no longer permitted.
Desktop Originator is an alternate name for this program (utilized by sponsored mortgage brokers to get a hold of Desktop Underwriter) DU is an abbreviation (or DO)
How Does Desktop Underwriting Work?
Mortgage loan originators typically need borrowers to submit an advance application, which is referred to as a Form 1003, before proceeding with the loan. On a Form 1003, you may expect to see the following categories of information:
- The type of mortgage and the terms of the loan
- Information about the borrower Details of the transaction
- The address of the property and the purpose of the loan
- The borrower’s monthly income
- The amount of real estate held
- And employment information Assets
The contributions to Desktop Underwriter are related to the parts of Form 1003 that are discussed below. The software then uses this information, as well as information from more than 75 external sellers, to determine whether or not the borrower is an appropriate financial risk and may be approved. Desktop Underwriter is just as good as the information you submit to the software; inaccurate or missing information will hurt your chances of being approved for a loan. Likewise, DU does not address whether or not a loan complies with government requirements; that decision is left to the discretion of the lender.
DU And LP Mortgage
DU is an abbreviation for DesktopUnderwriter, and LP stands for LoanProspector. DU and LP are two different types of automated underwriting systems (AUS). Loan originators employ DU and LP to determine whether or not an advance fits the qualifying requirements of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, which means that DU or LP endorsement is a critical step in the process of completing a home loan. When a bank approves your loan, they look at your ability to pay back the loan, your credit history, the type of property being financed, and the type of loan that has been taken out on the property.
- DU and LP gather data inputs from loan officials and evaluate them in accordance with the requirements of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, respectively.
- The advance official collects information from the applicant in order to start the home loan application process.
- When this information is entered into a loan origination framework, it is transferred to one of the automated underwriting systems, such as the LP or the DU, for processing.
- Furthermore, if any current incorporations with third-party data providers exist, the framework will automatically accept such third-party data sources.
- In addition, the framework will demonstrate whether or not the auto-approval functioned well, if relevant.
- The AUS will continue to certify your status as a consumer, however your pay may be automatically accepted if your manager reports information to an outside provider, and your resources will only be automatically approved if you have elected to merge your bank information into the system.
- The home loan lender then checks the information that has been supplied and runs the DU or LP a second time.
- When you have met all of the requirements, the loan will be ready to close.
Despite the fact that it is a positive indicator, it is not sufficient. In the case that you have received an underlying AUS endorsement, the guarantor will need to verify your documents before a final endorsement may be issued.
DU Underwriting Recommendations
DesktopUnderwriter is abbreviated as DU, while LoanProspector is abbreviated asLP. DU and LP are two different types of automated underwriting systems that are used in insurance (AUS). It is up to loan originators to determine if an advance fits the qualification requirements of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, which means that DU or LP endorsement is an essential component of the closing process for every home loan. When a bank approves your loan, they look at your ability to repay the loan, your credit history, the type of property being funded, and the type of loan that has been accepted.
- The primary distinction lies in the fact that both frameworks really computerize the entire cycle.
- As a result, keep in mind that Desktop Underwriter (DU) is Fannie Mae’s automated underwriting system and Loan Prospector is Freddie Mac’s automated underwriting system.
- Among other things, this will include information on pay scales, employment histories, financial records, and resource data.
- From there, the AUS investigates donations that are in violation of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac’s established policies and regulations.
- A programmed endorsement or disapproval is then sent, together with instructions on what paperwork is required in order to verify the information’s origins.
- As previously stated, reconciliations are required for auto-approval.
- Credit officials deliver the advance to underwriting with the borrower’s documents, which is accompanied by an underlying AUS endorsement that is near by.
- After a lengthy period of time, the financier issues conditions based on the documents and guidelines provided by the AUS.
- However, it is important to note that just because you have received an initial DU or LP endorsement from your advance official does not always imply that you will be approved for the loan.
Although it is a positive indicator, it is not a guarantee. In the case that you have received an underlying AUS endorsement, the guarantor will need to verify your documents before a final endorsement may be granted.
DU Underwriting Approve/Eligible Recommendation
This advice complies with Fannie Mae’s credit risk principles/evaluation as well as Fannie Mae’s home loan qualification procedures, as well as any applicable regulations. Furthermore, it is eligible for Fannie Mae’s restricted waiver of certain mortgage loan qualifying and underwriting criteria and guarantees, provided that the mortgage loan meets the material requirements associated with restricted waivers.
How To Read DU Findings?
- To access the loan casefile, go to the Underwriting Recommendation area and click on the hyperlink for the loan casefile. The findings of the Desktop Underwriter will be presented. Through the right-side menu, you may navigate straight to each section of the Underwriting Findings report
- However, this is not recommended. To differentiate between messages that have been added, deleted, or edited after your last submission, select Show Changes from the Show Changes drop-down menu in the top left corner of the screen. This component is only accessible in reports that have at least two elements
- Otherwise, it is not accessible. The Filtering feature allows you to narrow down your message list to just include those communications that are associated with Day 1 Certainty. Day 1 Certainty may be found in the View drop-down option to help you filter messages. By pressing the links at the top of the screen, you may navigate between the Underwriting Findings report and the Credit report at your leisure. Suppose you are now seeing the Findings report and you want to see the credit report
- You would select Credit Report
- Otherwise, you would select Findings report and click Credit Report. In the Underwriting Findings section, the Underwriting Analysis report appears at the conclusion of the section. To view the Underwriting Analysis Report, choose it from the right-side menu by clicking on the link. To print the report that you are currently seeing, select PRINT from the drop-down menu. When you have done looking through the Underwriting Findings report and the Underwriting Analysis report, click the Loan Information button to return to the Loan Information screen where you started.
Truly, an experienced house loan credit official will be aware of the documents that a borrower will be required to provide ahead of time. In any event, an automated underwriting system is a fantastic tool for double-checking and ensuring that nothing is missed before the credit is sent to the underwriter for approval or denial. Furthermore, if you are shopping for a house in a competitive market such as Southern California, an LP or DU advance endorsement can help you stand out from other home buyers since it provides more specific information than a simple pre-endorsement.
– DU Job Aid: Data Entry Instructions for Real Estate Owned and Liability Indicators
My own web page For the sake of consistency, we shall refer to Desktop Originator® and Desktop Underwriter® (DO®/DU®) as “DU” for the purposes of this document.
Using Real Estate Owned (REO) data
You may submit REO information in the Schedule of Real Estate Owned section of the loan application, and you can match any mortgage and HELOC liabilities to the properties that they relate to. The Schedule of Real Estate Ownedis offered in the Full 1003 for clients who wish to input all of their information. The REO screen is not present in the Quick1003 version of the program. The Subject Property Lien and Rental Property Lien indications in Section VI L will not be required if the REO data is entered correctly, and the mortgage liabilities are correctly matched to the REO properties.
Entering data in the liabilities section
In Section VI L of the loan application, all mortgages and home equity lines of credit (HELOCs) that are auto-populated from the credit report are automatically recognized. The property must be selected from the data field supplied in Section VI L in order to match a mortgage or HELOC debt with its corresponding property. “Related Property” is the name of the data field in the Full 1003 form. It is necessary to input the property address on the REO screen on page 1003 of the Full 1003 if the property does not appear on the list (as shown below).
Entering data in the REO section
After you have entered the Property Owner and property address, you must complete the remaining REO information. Note: The Property Owner must be the applicant who is linked with the mortgage or HELOC debt that is being applied for. It is only necessary to include COMPLETE REO data in Section VI R (theREO screen) of the Full 1003 that theProperty Indicatorfield is used. The following table demonstrates how to make the appropriate decisions for each of the properties:
|Selection name||When to use the selection|
|Current Residence||Use this selection to identify the borrower’s current principal residence except when the subject loan transaction is to refinance the borrower’s current principal residence. (In which case, selectRefi ofCurrentResidence.)|
|Subject of the Loan||Use this selection to identify thesubject property for a refinance or construction-permanent transaction of a second home or an investment property.|
|Refi of CurrentResidence||Use this selection to identify the subject property for a refinance or construction-permanent transaction of the borrower’s current principal residence.|
|Not Applicable(orblank)||For properties that do not meet any ofthe conditions listed above, selectNotApplicableor simply leave the Property Indicator field blank.For example, selectNot Applicablefor rental properties that are not the subject property.|
For those who are c omplet ing theREOin the Full 1003, theProperty Dispositionfield selections listed below are necess ary to complete. Choose one of the options from the list below:
- Sold: The property had already been sold at the time of the application submission. Any revenues from the sale should be accounted for as a liquid asset. DU will not compute late net equity for properties that have been flagged. Soldand will disregard any numbers that appear in the risk analysis.
To avoid DU include monthly payments in the total spending ratio, selectOmitformortgages on properties that have been recorded asSold; otherwise, selectOmitformortgages on properties that have been entered asSold Data input tip:Om itmo r t gages on properties that are entered asSo ld are a good indicator of how old the property is.
- Properties that are currently under contract at the time of the loan application and which will close at or before to the closing date of the subject property are considered ‘pending sales’. In Section VI A, enter the Net Equityasset for any properties that are currently on the market (the Assets screen). The borrower’s available funds will be increased if the REO screen in the Full 1003 contains complete REO information, but NetEquity is not entered as an asset. If NetEquity is not entered as an asset, DU will calculate the net equity from the REO screen and include it in the borrower’s available funds. The net equity is calculated by DU using the following formula, and the net equity in the borrower’s available money is taken into consideration: (Present Market Value multiplied by 90%) – Number of Meetings/Liens You can override DU’s estimate of net proceeds by putting the value in net equity in Section VI A
- However, this will result in a lower net proceeds figure.
If the mortgage payment is backed by a property that is currently pending sale, choose Paid By Close; otherwise, the mortgage payment will be included in the total expense ratio calculated by Double-U. Tips for data entry: If you want to override the automated calculation of net equity for properties that have been recorded asPending Sale, enter the amount of net equity in Section VI A. Mark mortgages asPaid By Closeon properties that have been entered asPending Sale to indicate that they have been paid off.
- Rental: This is solely applicable to rental properties and should not be used in the context of the subject property in question. Borrowers who are acquiring their primary homes while keeping their present home as a rental property should make advantage of this type of loan. Due to the nature of the business, DU estimates net rental revenue or loss using the following formula: (Gross Rental Income multiplied by 75 percent) – (Mtg. payments plus insurance, maintenance, tax, and other expenses) Equals net rental income or loss Using the Net Rental Income column on the entire REO page or the Net Rental field in Section V, you can alter DU’s calculation. The net rental revenue (positive or negative) determined in line with the Fannie Mae Selling Guide should be included here.
Keep in mind that if you supplied concurrent rental information in the REO area, DU will automatically populate the Net Rental Income box on the REO screen for you. It will be added to the borrower’s quali fying income if the net rental income is in excess of a certain threshold. If the result is negative, the loss will be recognized as a liability and will be included in the computation of the overall expense ratio. Section VI R will combine the rental income or loss on all properties for all borrowers if multiple rental properties are recorded in the section.
The values submitted in the Gross Rental Income box and the Net Rental Income field in the REO section will only be considered for rental properties and will be omitted if they are entered for the borrower’s primary property or a second house.
Similarly, if the borrower’s current principal residence is a two- to four-unit building and the subject building is an investment property or a second home, the net rental income from the borrower’s current two- to four-unit principal residence should be entered asNetRentalincome in Section V of the loan application.
- After the loan is paid off, the borrower will keep ownership of the property until the loan is paid off in full. For example, if the goal of the loan is to refinance the borrower’s present house, the term “Retained” will apply to that residence. A retained property would also include a second house that the borrower currently owns and is still in use. This field may also be utilized for rental property if the rental income is not used to determine the borrower’s eligibility for the loan. Tip for data entry: Rent-retained properties may be entered if no rental revenue is used in the qualifying calculations.
Unless the PropertyIndicator box is filled in, all amounts entered in the Insurance, Maintenance, and Taxes fields will be included in the total cost ratio calculation for the property. If the tax and insurance values are already included in the mortgage payment in Section VI R or in Section VI L, there is no need to enter them individually in Section VI. Enter information on properties that are not subject to mortgage obligations. For properties that are owned free and clear (with no mortgage or other obligations) and that are not the borrower’s current residence, you can choose to enter the property information in the Schedule of Real Estate Owned in the Full 1003 or to enter the housing expenses in Section I of VI L of the loan application.
- Compile all of the REO information for the second house in the Full 1 0 03 section, which should include monthly insurance, maintenance, and tax data. Optional: Fill out Section VI L, Additional Expenses section, with the monthly expenses for the second property and choose Other Expenses from the Expense Type drop-down menu
- This information will be included in the expense ratio calculation
Using liability indicators
The Subject Property Lien and Rental Property Lien indicators can be used to identify mortgage and HELOC obligations in lieu of ent e ring full REO data and m a tc hing mortgage and HELOC liabilities with theircorresponding properties.
When these indicators are used, DU will be instructed whether or not to include the borrower’s mortgage and HELOC liabilities in the overall cost ratio calculation.
- SelectRental Property from the drop-down menu. Liento identify mortgages and home equity lines of credit (HELOCs) that are secured by a rental property
- Property for Selecting a Subject Liento identifies mortgages and home equity lines of credit (HELOCs) that are secured by the subject property. This indication should be used for refinancing transactions, which may include construction-related mortgage loans.
Select both indicators if they are both applicable to a certain mortgage or home equity line of credit. The following indicators in Section VI L are also extremely important and should be utilized with mortgages and home equity lines of credit (HELOCs) wherever possible:
- UsePaid by the end of the month identify mortgages and home equity lines of credit (HELOCs) backed by homes that are now for sale, as well as mortgages that will be paid off with revenues from the refinancing of the subject property Due to the nature of DU, these liabilities will not be included in either the total cost ratio or the LTV, CLTV, or HCLTV ratios. UseOmit to identify mortgages and home equity lines of credit that were backed by properties that have subsequently been sold. Due to the nature of these liabilities, DU will exclude them from its total cost ratio as well as its LTV, CLTV, and HCLTV ratios, and will not include the amounts of these mortgages in its calculation of the funds required to close.
You can calculate these amounts and include them in the loan application if you prefer to utilize the liquidity indicators outlined above in lieu of conventional REO data. Calculate these amounts and include them in the loan application as shown below:
- If you have net rental income, enter it in theNet Rentalfield in Section Vin Monthly Income (positive or negative). Unless the subject property is included in the calculation, net rental revenue should represent the entire income or loss from all rental properties owned by the borrower, exclusive of the subject property. For further information on estimating and recording net rental income, see the Fannie MaeSelling Guide.
Note: Any rental income received by the borrower from the subject property or from a second residence should not be included in the Net Rentalfie ld. Subject net cash flow must be computed manually and submitted into theSubject Net Cashflowfield in Section V as a result of this restriction.
- In Section VI Assets, make use of theNet Equity field. the ability to manually enter the net equity from properties that are currently on the market You must perform a manual calculation of net equity and put the result (positive or negative) in Section VI A of the tax return. The funds available for closure are increased when net equity is positive
- When net equity is negative, the funds available for closing are deducted from the funds available for closing.
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What’s the Difference between a Pre-Approval Letter and a Loan Commitment?
10:58 a.m. Posted on the internet hin Information for Prospective Buyers
Pre-approval Letters are nearly mandatory in today’s real estate market. They have been around since the mid 1990’s when I became a Realtor.
A few years ago, we added an extra option for checking the Buyers’ loan status to our standard Minnesota Purchase Agreements, which we have now integrated into our Minnesota Purchase Agreements. This extra instrument is referred to as a Mortgage Loan Commitment in certain circles.
What’s the difference between a pre-approval letter and a loan commitment letter?
In most cases, a Loan Officer will write the Pre-approval letter, which the Buyer will submit with their Purchase Agreement. Pre-approval letters provide Sellers with the assurance that potential buyers for their house have satisfied the fundamental requirements for receiving a mortgage loan. Income, credit score, debt levels, and down payment source will all have been reviewed by Loan Officers prior to making the loan. A software known as Desktop Underwriting (DU) also exists, which allows Loan Officers to run the Buyers’ scores and data through an automated underwriting computer to ensure that they meet the requirements.
- Occasionally, a Loan Commitment letter will be provided, with a few extra requirements that must be completed before a ‘cleared to close’ letter can be issued.
- It is important to use the Loan Commitment Letter since it protects both sellers and buyers from unanticipated complications with their financing just before the closing date!
- In addition, loan commitment letters are quite useful for a variety of reasons.
- Many homes are ineligible for financing because of damage that is deemed undesirable or because of Home Owners Associations that are not eligible for credit.
- I recommend that sellers obtain this letter on virtually all purchase agreements; we typically request the letter about 30 days after the purchase agreement’s effective date.
- We are here to help you in any way we can!
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What Is DU Automated Approval On Automated Underwriting System
In this BLOG on What Is DU Automated Approval On Automated Underwriting System, I will discuss what it means to have a sound mortgage loan approval. This BLOG was updated on and published on June 4th, 2020. What is a DU Automated Approval, and why did my Loan Officer tell me I had one? Approvals from automated underwriting systems can be divided into two categories.
- DU is an abbreviation for Fannie Mae Desktop Underwriter
- LP is an abbreviation for Freddie Mac Loan Prospector
- And DU is an abbreviation for Fannie Mae Desktop Underwriter.
The topic of What Is DU Automated Approval On Automated Underwriting System will be discussed and covered in this post.
Fannie Mae Versus Freddie Mac AUS
The Fannie Mae Desktop Underwriter is preferred over the Freddie Mac Loan Prospector by the majority of lenders.
- In its most basic form, DU is an acronym for Fannie Mae’s Automated Desk Top Underwriting System
- It is an abbreviation for Desktop Underwriter
- DU examines mortgage loan applications and credit reports. The findings indicate whether or not the loan is marketable to Fannie Mae
- And Moreover, it would be an excellent indication that the borrower complies with all of the Fannie Mae Mortgage Guidelines.
How Mortgages Get Approved And Closed
Not all lenders follow the same mortgage standards when it comes to government and conventional credit programs.
- It does not follow that a borrower will not qualify with Mortgage Company A will not qualify with Mortgage Company B, and vice versa. All borrowers must adhere to agency mortgage requirements set out by the Federal Housing Administration, the Veterans Administration, the USDA, Fannie Mae, or Freddie Mac. This is accomplished by obtaining an approve/eligible determination based on DU Findings and/or LP Findings
- But lenders might impose additional lending criteria known as lender overlays on their customers. Overlays are lending regulations that are in addition to or different from those of the FHA, VA, USDA, Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac. Lenders that do not use agency overlays, such as Gustan Cho Associates, will exclusively rely on the findings of the Automated Underwriting System.
It is just the Automated Underwriting System (AUS) that Gustan Cho Associates Mortgage Group is concerned with. FHA, VA, USDA, and conventional loans are all eligible for ZERO OVERLAYS at Approvaland.
DU Automated Approval Is The Industry Standard
Not only has DU become the industry standard for Fannie Mae mortgages, but it has also become the benchmark for all lending programs.
- “Conforming Loans” are referred to as those made to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. It has become the standard barometer for government-insured mortgages, as well as for other sorts of loans
- Nevertheless, it is not always accurate. All government and conventional loans must pass through the DU and/or LP Automated Underwriting Systems before being approved. The Automated Underwriting System (also known as AUS) is a type of underwriting system that automates the underwriting process. This very advanced automated technology examines a borrower’s credit and income profile in seconds and then makes a decision on the borrower’s loan application automatically.
The following are the results of the AUS readings:
- If the borrower receives an automatic approval, it signifies that the loan has been approved.
- This indicates that the borrower is qualified for a mortgage, but that the automated system is unable to make a decision, and that the loan must be manually underwritten by a human mortgage underwriter.
- Referral/Warning indicates that the borrower does not meet the requirements for a mortgage. It is possible that they have failed to comply with the obligatory waiting time following a housing event and/or foreclosure.
DU Automated Approval For Non-Conforming Loans
DU was also important in the qualification of nonconforming loans, which included subprime, no doc, stated income, and liar loans, among other things.
- The AE or Approved Eligible 1, 2, and 3 categories were also available at one point
- It is basically an artificially intelligent system that understands loan purchaser rules that are submitted to DU. In order to ensure that the information provided by the borrower is accurate and consistent with the findings of the DU, loan officers, processors, and underwriters still verify the information they receive. However, if the information required by DU can be verified in most cases, the loan will be approved.
DU Automated Approval On FHA Loans
The vast majority of FHA loans are authorized using DU, which is far more lenient than a genuine underwriter would be if they were to approve an FHA loan manually.
- If an FHA loan were to be manually underwritten, most underwriters and/or lenders would need a total back end debt ratio of less than 43 percent
- If an FHA loan were to be automatically underwritten, the total back end debt ratio would be less than 43 percent. DU can accept an FHA borrower with a debt-to-income ratio of up to 56 percent
- I recently had a borrower accepted by DU who had a debt-to-income ratio of 53%, a credit score of 580, a $5,000 seller credit, and who received 100% of the down payment as a gift
- The customer only had $84 in their bank account at the time of the interview. There is a possibility that this is a loan that will not be approved
- Although I had DU approval, I was able to verify the facts
- As a result, I now have an excellent FHA customer who will be able to complete their house loan.
Debt To Income Ratios And DU Automated Approval
We just received VA loan approval with a debt-to-income ratio of 65 percent. The fact that DU approved it took my breath away! The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) does not have a minimum credit score criterion and does not impose a limit on debt-to-income ratios on applicants.
- When the AUS makes a decision, the VA takes a portion of the remaining income. Reserves, down payment, and general payment history are some of the other elements that are considered in their approval calculations. This customer had some assets in the bank, some older outstanding collections/charged-off accounts, had made on-time payments in the previous 12 months, and had an excellent credit score. However, after taking into account the planned mortgage, the client’s overall debt to income ratio was 65 percent of total income. This approval took me completely by surprise, yet we received an approve/eligible based on DU FINDINGS.
For the purpose of reiterating my prior statement, borrowers must still double-check the information put into DU. A DU approval is nothing more than a piece of paper in and of itself. The lesson of the tale is that if borrowers have a DU automatic approval and can fulfill the restrictions mentioned on the AUS, they may complete their house loan with a lender who does not require overlays on their loan. AUS (Automated Approval System) is a related acronym for Automated Underwriting System.
How Conventional Automated Underwriting Decisions Work
The most prevalent method of getting accepted for a house mortgage is through computer-generated mortgage loan underwriting decisions (CDUs). Mortgage loan applications (such as the Fannie Mae form 1003) are submitted to an automated underwriting system (AUS), which gathers pertinent data, such as a borrower’s credit history, and uses that information to arrive at a logic-based lending decision for the applicant. Lenders can get loan acceptance or rejection decisions very instantly if they use automated underwriting engines, which analyze the information given to the system.
Along with time savings, automated underwriting is preferable since it is based on algorithms rather than human judgment, which eliminates human error.
Fannie Mae – Desktop Underwriter (DU)
The Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA) is most commonly referred to as Fannie Mae by the general public. With the purchase of mortgage-backed securities, Fannie Mae’s objective is to establish minimum lending standards and liquidity in the mortgage lending sector, so freeing up cash for lenders to lend again. You’ve had questions, right? Start here to speak with one of our mortgage professionals. In order to ensure consistency in the quality of home mortgages, Fannie Mae has created a set of underwriting guideline guidelines that instruct lenders on how to appropriately assess risk in order to minimize the likelihood of default to a predictable level.
Freddie Mac – Loan Product Advisor (LPA)
Loan Product Advisor, a product offered by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Loan Corporation, more popularly known as Freddie Mac, serves as an alternative to Fannie Mae’s automated underwriting system (AUS), which was introduced in summer 2016. Previously, it was referred to as the Loan Prospector (LP). Several of Fannie Mae’s underwriting guidelines are adhered to by Loan Prospector, with a few notable exceptions that allow experienced and educated lending professionals to submit loan applications into the automated underwriting system that has the highest chance of being approved.
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Should I use Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac?
Some of the most significant discrepancies between Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac automated underwriting processes are found in the areas of income and employment analysis and documentation, as well as in other aspects of risk assessment. Non-occupant co-signers are permitted by Freddie Mac, which is comparable to FHA insured loans, however Fannie Mae does not allow you to utilize the income of a co-signer who does not live in the property to help you qualify for a loan with them. Another area of distinction between Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac is the way in which employment and income are verified and documented.
In some situations, Freddie Mac will simply request a one-year look-back of job and income history from the applicant.
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In order to qualify for a mortgage, Fannie Mae would ask that your income be averaged over two years, but Freddie Mac may just require that you utilize the most recent year of income.
In the wake of a bankruptcy, short sale, foreclosure, or deed in lieu of foreclosure, Fannie Mae has taken the lead in providing lending choices for boomerang purchasers who are acquiring a home after a financial setback.
Not a Loan Approval?
When applying for a home mortgage loan, an automated underwriting judgment is merely the first stage in the process. Because DU is an algorithm-based computer software, the information that you provide into the system and on your loan application can easily be modified or impacted by the information that you provide. Locate the Most Appropriate Lender. Find the Most Appropriate Loan. Get Help Right Away! Many lenders may need that you supply the documents necessary to support all of the information on a loan application before they would approve your loan.
Regardless of the scenario you are in, you must offer paperwork to support, validate, or otherwise verify all of the information that is necessary for a mortgage loan application, or else you will not be considered approved for the loan.
This means that the paperwork provided to support the information on your loan application must be accurate and dependable.
Underwriting Documentation Requirements
The documentation criteria for qualifying loans are quite consistent throughout the industry, and they apply to Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, the Federal Housing Administration, and other automated underwriting approvals. Locate the Most Appropriate Lender. Find the Most Appropriate Loan. Get Help Right Away!
- Name, birthday, and social security number are required. a two-year history of residency
- Job history of two years
- Income documents (W2s or tax returns) for the last two years
- For all debtors, pay stubs for the last 30 days are required. Statements of assets for the last 60 days
- Assets, help, donations, and credits are all sources of the monies required to conclude the transaction.
Manual Underwriting and Extenuating Circumstances
Was it possible to receive an automatic underwriting approval but were unsuccessful? The automatic judgment will be rather apparent as to which reasons it considered to be too hazardous to result in an Approve/Eligible conclusion, assuming that the lender entered all of the data correctly. This advise can be used to decide the most effective course of action to take in order to receive approval. Locate the Most Appropriate Lender. Find the Most Appropriate Loan. Get Help Right Away! If your lender is able to explain certain aspects of your application, you may receive an automatic approval in this situation.
False approvals might occur when your loan officer enters information into the system that cannot be supported by documentation.
In certain situations, there are extenuating circumstances that will allow for variances to typical underwriting rules, which will allow your loan officer to “document” your way out of what would otherwise be a loan denial, allowing you to avoid a loan denial altogether.
However, FHA-insured financing provides automated and human underwriting solutions to traditional lending issues that cannot be met by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac’s strict underwriting standards.
Seller’s Agent Asking for DU. Should I provide it?
As a result of being audited more frequently than brokers and lenders, it is true that banks and credit unions will not furnish DU’s. Providers of such information are in violation of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and RESPA guidelines unless specific information is left out and additional verbiage is added to the DU approval to specify that 1.Fannie Mae/Freddie MAC is not a lender and that the final underwriter of the loan is Freddie Mac. 2. That the DU is in no way a promise or a guarantee of any kind.
The DU contains information on credit, liabilities, and income, and it is possible that one offer may be picked over another because of a FICO store or income, even if the offer is approved, and that there is a very fine line between discrimination and fairness in the hiring process.
You should contact the loan officer and ask any extra questions that are not prohibited by law if the offer includes a large down payment, a decent buying price, a quick close or quick inspection time, and no closing expenses are required.
A final point to mention is that, contrary to popular belief, the DU does not need verification of W2 and tax information.