What Is A Real Estate Holding Company?

Home | Real Estate Holding Company. Real Estate Holding Company. A real estate holding company is a business that is principally engaged in owning, holding, selling, or leasing real estate. These companies derive most of their income from dividends, interest, royalties, and rent collection.


How does a real estate holding company make money?

There are three ways in which subsidiaries generate value for the holding company: Selling and purchasing assets. Providing services. Profits from dividends and shares of stock.

What is property holding company?

A real estate holding company protects investors by legally placing the real estate property contract, the deed, and the mortgage in a separate entity. In other words, the investor owns the holding company and the holding company owns the investment property.

Can a holding company own real estate?

A holding company can own shares of a private corporation with active business operations. It can also hold passive assets, such as publically traded securities, bonds, real estate and so on. There are several potential benefits to using an investment holding company.

What are the pros and cons of a holding company?

The Pros of a Holding Company

  • Any dividends that are received by the holding company are tax free.
  • There is a reduced level of legal risk.
  • It doesn’t limit a company from having some traditional functions.
  • Holding companies have access to more secure loan opportunities.
  • Company management isn’t very transparent.

What does a CEO of a holding company do?

Holding companies still have a CEO, though, as well as a board of directors, to help make decisions on managing current investments/companies and whether or not to invest in new ones.

How do you become a holding company?

To create your holding company, you register it in a state and provide your business name, articles of incorporation and the name of the business agent managing the operating and holding company. If you so choose, you can be the agent for both the operating and holding company.

Why holding companies are bad?

It might be used to create speculative activities in the market, which could negatively impact individual investors. It may even lead to the exploitation of certain companies, forcing them to purchase goods at high prices from companies under the control of holding company management.

Is it worth having a holding company?

The holding company structure allows better asset management, better distribution of assets and efficient sale of the asset. It also helps with loans, borrowings and business growth. It also helps with loans and borrowings. The idea is the main ownership of assets and rights sits in the non-trading company.

Does a holding company pay taxes?

Subsidiaries that are 100 percent (wholly owned) by a holding company may not be obligated to pay taxes on profits; instead, revenue will flow to the holding company.

How to Start a Real Estate Holding Company or Real Estate LLC

Even if you’re a short-term investor, it’s a good idea to consolidate all of your investment properties into one holding company, such as an LLC, to provide additional protection from creditors and other financial risks. In addition, forming a real estate holding corporation is often straightforward and may be completed online or with the assistance of an attorney. Tip of the day: If you’re looking for a way to save money, consider donating to a good cause. Some investors prefer to use a separate LLC for each property, but this may be prohibitively expensive, thus it’s normally OK to have many properties under a single LLC.

Listed below are the six stages necessary to begin a firm as a real estate holding corporation:

1. Set Up the LLC for Your Real Estate Holdings

There are a variety of methods to establish a real estate holding company, including a S corporation, a C corporation, a sole proprietorship, or a partnership. However, the limited liability company (LLC) is the most common kind of business to utilize when forming a real estate holding company. This is due to the fact that it is simple to run while yet providing you with all of the liability protection and personal separation that a company can provide. The selection of a name for your holding company is an important part of the establishment procedure.

  • Always remember that the name of your company cannot be the same as any other LLC currently registered in your state.
  • Local Limited Liability Company (LLC) offices are located in each state and are often affiliated with the Secretary of State’s Office.
  • It is recommended that you deal with a real estate attorney since specialized documentation is required for an LLC and they may make the process more straightforward.
  • You will only need to complete up a brief online questionnaire, after which they will begin drafting your LLC documents, with price starting at $99.99 if you choose this option.
  • Go to Rocket Lawyer for more information.

EIN Number

Before you may proceed with any of the following actions, you must first apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) at the IRS’s website. The IRS website will provide you with all of the information you need to perform this task. It’s also worth mentioning that if your company is based in the United States or one of its territories, you may submit your application online.

Additionally, you often receive your EIN number shortly after submitting your application. It is important to save this number in a safe place since you will need it for the remainder of the LLC filing procedure.

Articles of Incorporation

In order to complete any of the following actions, you must first get an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) website. It is possible to do this step using the IRS website, which provides detailed instructions. In addition, if your company is based in the United States or one of its territories, you can submit your application electronically. When you request for an EIN number, you will often receive it as soon as you submit the form. It is important to save this number in a safe place since you will need it for the remainder of the LLC formation procedure.

Operating Agreement

An LLC can have one or more members, all of whom will be mentioned on the LLC operating agreement. An LLC can have one or more members. In this operational agreement, each member’s responsibilities are clearly defined, and it should be signed by each member. You can obtain a sample form from an online legal form business, your attorney, or a local office supply store, for example. The following should be included in an LLC operating agreement:

  • Rules governing ownership and operations
  • Percentage interests held by members
  • Rights and obligations held by members
  • Voting
  • Management responsibilities The manner in which earnings and losses are managed

Many individuals believe that once a corporate corporation has been created, the next step is to transfer ownership of a piece of real estate to the entity. To gain the full benefits of a holding company, however, there are a few additional tasks that must be completed in order to be successful. In particular, if you have not yet purchased the real estate that will be owned by your new real estate LLC, you should consider doing so.

2. Open Separate Checking Accounts

For tax purposes, it’s crucial to establish separate personal and company bank accounts so that you can keep your money from your real estate LLC distinct from your personal money. This improves the protection of the owner’s assets while also assisting with bookkeeping. It can also assist you in keeping track of your business expenditures. Another advantage of establishing a separate checking account for your real estate LLC is the ability to better manage your cash and prepare for tax season.

3. Choose a Professional to Work With

If this is your first time forming an LLC, you may want to consider hiring a professional to assist you with the process. Because it is being done by a professional, it saves you time and reduces your risk of liability. When forming a real estate holding company, most investors consult with a real estate attorney licensed in their state of residence. Some investors, on the other hand, prefer to handle the process themselves. The following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of working with an attorney to establish your holding company: Identify a friend, family member, or other real estate professional who can refer you if you decide to work with an attorney in the real estate industry.

Demand credentials from the professional and check out their website (including customer reviews) to ensure that they are familiar with the laws governing real estate in your state before working with them.

4. Find a PropertyGet It Under Contract

Creating a real estate holding company is primarily intended to be used to safeguard your personal assets as well as your properties, therefore it is critical to understand how to locate and acquire investment properties for your portfolio. You want to select a property that meets both your investing objectives and your financial constraints. In addition, before you get too far into the house hunting process, you should select a lender and obtain a pre-approval letter. When looking at houses with a real estate agent, this pre-approval letter is required, as well as before to making an offer on a property (unless you are paying cash).

Also included are detailed instructions for selecting a lender and being pre-approved for a loan.

5. Secure Financing for Your Rental Property

You’ve already been pre-approved, so all that’s left is for you to complete the lender’s application procedure. A process known as underwriting will be carried out by the lender during this time period, during which they will thoroughly review the information on your loan application as well as your supporting papers, among other things. The following are examples of documentation that must be submitted:

  • Fill out the mortgage application
  • Sign the purchase contract. Documentation demonstrating where the down payment is coming from (for example, a gift letter). Specifications of the property
  • Current assets and liabilities are listed on the balance sheet. Rent roll and copies of leases are available.

They will also check the property details and arrange an appraisal, which you will be responsible for paying out of pocket and which will cost between $300 and $500 in most cases. Some lenders demand an application fee in addition to their other fees. Although lending durations vary based on the kind of loan, hard money loans often fund in 15 days or less. A conforming loan typically closes in 30 to 45 days, and a commercial loan can take up to 60 days to close. Hard money loans are the most common type of loan.

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Please see our page on fix-and-flip loans for additional details on this alternative.

6. Close on the Property

The final stage in forming a real estate holding company is to close on the property in question. The transfer of ownership of a property occurs when the deed to the property is transferred to the new owner, who then receives the keys to the property at a settlement. This normally takes between 60 and 90 minutes and is usually done in the office of a title firm or a real estate agent. You will have your financing in place prior to closing, and the mortgage company will provide you with a copy of your closing fees so that you will be aware of what to expect at settlement.

The closing process is the same regardless of whether you are acquiring the property in your own person or in the name of a limited liability company.

As an example, the title company will want a copy of your articles of formation as well as a copy of your operating agreement in order to authenticate the LLC’s members.

The LLC’s name will appear on the deed as well as on all of the closing documents.

This implies that when you turn over your utilities, they will be in the name of the LLC as well as your own. Ensure that you have a copy of your LLC’s documentation on hand, since you will require these, as well as identification to prove that you are allowed to sign on the LLC’s behalf.

Reasons to Create a Real Estate Holding Company

A real estate holding company protects investors by putting the real estate property contract, the deed, and the mortgage in the hands of a legal entity that is distinct from the real estate holding company. In other words, the investor owns the holding company, and the holding company owns the investment property owned by the investment property. When done appropriately, this ownership arrangement provides the individual with protection against legal disputes relating to the properties in question.

Reduced Risk

When you acquire a rental or investment property, the real estate contract, the deed, and the mortgage will all be in the name of the LLC, unless otherwise stated. The properties are owned by the LLC, and the LLC is owned by the investor(s). Investing in real estate under one’s own name exposes a person to a greater risk of personal culpability. This implies that if someone were to file a lawsuit against you, your personal assets, such as your house, would not be put at risk to the same extent.

The tenant files a lawsuit and is successful.

However, if the property was owned by an LLC, the renter may file a lawsuit against the LLC, which will have no effect on your personal finances.

Tax Advantages

It is more difficult to file taxes when personal and corporate finances are combined. Aside from that, by failing to form a real estate holding company, you will be missing out on the tax benefits that an LLC is entitled to. While this is the case, you will still be required to pay taxes on your LLC; however, the IRS will handle your one-member LLC differently than an LLC with two or more members. When it comes to tax services, a one-member LLC is normally handled as a sole proprietorship. When more than two people join a limited liability company (LLC), taxes are passed via the LLC to each member’s personal tax return in the form of earnings and losses, as explained previously.

Instead, the members complete a Schedule E on their individual income tax forms.

Taxes associated with a limited liability company can be difficult, therefore we recommend talking with a tax specialist.

Who a Real Estate Holding Company Is Right For

A real estate holding company is often a good choice for investors who are looking to make long-term or short-term investments. It is typically suggested for all real estate investors because it protects your personal assets from the liabilities associated with property ownership and allows you to keep your real estate income separate from your other income.

Because it is a very affordable firm to start and doesn’t require much management, the advantages outweigh the price and time commitment required. An excellent choice for the following situations is a real estate holding company:

  • Investors who fix and sell properties
  • Investors who buy and maintain properties Rental properties, commercial properties, landlords, and first-time investors are all included.

Pro tip: If you are only acquiring a house to use as your primary residence, a real estate holding corporation is probably not the best choice for you. Because forming and maintaining an LLC may be expensive, it’s often preferable to have your principal house in your own name rather than that of your business.

Costs of Setting Up a Real Estate Holding Company

The fees associated with forming an LLC for your real estate interests vary from state to state. The charges will also vary depending on whether you are putting it up yourself or whether you are retaining the services of an attorney. In most states, the typical state filing fee for forming an LLC is $127 if you do it yourself. In most cases, it will cost $1,000 or more to have an attorney put it up for you. The following are typical fees associated with forming an LLC:

  • Taxes and fees: A one-time cost ranging from $10 to $800
  • Obtaining an EIN number is completely free. LLC costs range from $0 to $800 a year, depending on the state. For a template of an operating agreement, expect to pay $20 or more.

If you decide to engage an attorney, they will charge you a single fee that will include all of the state filing costs as well as the cost of all of the paperwork. Attorneys often charge between $1,000 and $1,500 to form a limited liability company. Keep in mind that you are still responsible for the annual fees and taxes. Instead, you may work with a contract provider such as Rocket Lawyer to complete your contract. They provide packages that range in price from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars, depending on the state in which you live.

Go to Rocket Lawyer for more information.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

When an investor owns investment property, a real estate holding company is formed to decrease the individual’s personal exposure to the risks and liabilities associated with the property. Holding companies, commonly known as real estate limited liability companies (LLCs), are a type of corporation that separates revenue from a single property or a group of properties, making bookkeeping and tax preparation easier. The formation of a real estate holding company is suggested for the majority of investors.

What is the purpose of a real estate holding company?

Creating a real estate holding company serves the objective of protecting your personal assets from the liabilities associated with owning real estate as an investment. Its objective is also to give tax benefits for the properties as well as to keep the finances of the properties distinct from your own personal financial affairs.

Can my personal debt affect my real estate LLC?

This varies from state to state and is also dependent on the sort of debt owed. But in most situations, the assets of an LLC cannot be utilized or seized in order to pay off the personal debt of one of its members who is involved in a real estate investment venture. If you have any questions about this subject, you should speak with a tax specialist.

Do you have to be a real estate agent to manage your properties?

No, you do not have to be a real estate agent in order to manage your own property portfolio. However, depending on where the properties are located, you may be required to get additional permits, such as a company license and rental property licenses.

It is possible to find out what is necessary by contacting your local municipality. If you are interested in learning more about how to become a real estate agent, you can also refer to our guide on how to become a real estate agent for additional information on the procedure.

Bottom Line

We propose that you incorporate as a limited liability corporation (LLC) to safeguard your personal assets now that you understand how to form a real estate holding business. It can also help you maintain your business assets and money distinct from your personal assets and finances. The process of forming a real estate holding company is simple and may be done in a few short stages. Once everything is completed, all that remains is for you to select the most appropriate specialists and properties with which to collaborate.

Real Estate Holding Company

Real estate is a popular investment that comes with its own set of dangers. The possibility of liabilities does not rule out investing in real estate, but it does suggest that you should exercise prudence and take the necessary safeguards. This entails not only purchasing insurance, but also incorporating a limited liability corporation (LLC) and, as your business grows, a real estate holding company with subsidiaries. A suitable holding company structure not only helps to reduce risk, but it also helps to protect privacy and save money on taxes.

Of course not, which is why forming an anonymous LLC is often the best option.

In a nutshell, a holding company offers asset protection, privacy, tax benefits, and the ability to look more professional.

Land trusts, equity stripping, and property management firms are some of the more advanced tactics that will be employed.

How Do You Structure a Holding Company

There are several ways in which a holding corporation might be defined. The two most popular are either as a holding corporation for an asset or as a parent company for a group of children’s businesses (also known as subsidiaries). As a general rule, a holding company (also known as the parent company) will be incorporated in a business-friendly state. Examples of such states are Wyoming, Nevada, and Delaware. Children’s corporations are typically founded in the state in where the property is located.

In this structure, you construct a parent company that will hold the shares of additional corporations.

Optionally, a property management business can be hired to provide further asset protection and tax advantages.

The parent company is a holding firm that owns other enterprises.

It does not participate in operations or other potentially hazardous activity. The children’s businesses are each in possession of a single piece of real land. This keeps your corporate assets distinct from one another, as well as your personal assets free from business dangers.

Should a Holding Company be an LLC?

Limited Liability Companies (LLCs) have been more popular than corporations in recent years because they are easier to administer, provide better asset protection, and offer greater tax flexibility than corporations. Wyoming Limited Liability Companies (LLCs), in contrast to corporations, give charging order protection even if there is only one member. This implies that personal creditors will not be able to infiltrate your firm and compel you to sell off your real estate holdings. A little-known truth is that LLCs can be taxed as either a disregarded company, a partnership, a corporation, or an S-Corporation, depending on their structure.

The Certificate of Formation or Articles of Organization, which is required for the formation of an LLC, must be filed with the state.

The charge varies from state to state, but it is often between $50 and $200.

LLCs will also need to file for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) with the IRS.

Holding Company Examples

We have discovered that offering examples rather than speaking abstractly about a subject might be more effective. As a result, the remainder of this section will be devoted to presenting examples of how holding corporations are used. Our goal is to make the notions more understandable than they would be if we merely talked about them in abstract terms. Example 1: If there is only a single property, this is the most straightforward example. In this instance, only one limited liability company is often used.

  1. If there are two investment properties, they should each be held in their own limited liability corporations, as in Example 2.
  2. There are no activities by the parent business, which just owns the offspring firms, which in turn possess the assets.
  3. In order to gain access to your personal assets, the individual suing will have to break through two layers of defense.
  4. This might be a new firm you’ve started or a third-party vendor.
  5. Additionally, equity stripping and land trusts can be employed to provide extra security and privacy for your assets.

When you start with the appropriate structure, you may save issues later on when you learn that property must be transferred to an LLC in order for it to be removed from your name.


The benefits of owning corporations have been discussed in detail above, but there are further benefits. Some downsides should be considered, but we do not feel they are severe enough to warrant employing a single LLC for all of your properties or operating as a sole proprietorship. There will be expenditures associated with the creation process, including registration fees. There will also be continuing expenses, such as any yearly fees and your company’s tax obligations. Holding firms also need management, which can be intimidating for business owners who have little or no previous expertise.

The apparent ease of running a single proprietorship has its drawbacks, and we do not feel that this is an excellent option.

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As a result, the advantages of forming a holding company exceed the negatives.

How to Create a Holding Company

If you have opted to use a holding company to preserve your real estate assets, you will want to start by forming your limited liability corporation. This include choosing a business name, registering the firm with your Secretary of State and the Internal Revenue Service, and obtaining an employment identification number (EIN). It is advisable to consult with an attorney that has prior expertise with holding corporations and real estate in order to guarantee that all of the documentation is completed appropriately.

  • You will then need to establish business bank accounts that are different from any personal bank accounts you may already have.
  • You may begin acquiring homes once everything is completed, with the type of property you purchase varied depending on your objectives.
  • You will also be responsible for securing finance for the property, which will be done in the name of your holding corporation.
  • With the aid of an attorney, the process of establishing and operating a real estate holding company may be completed more quickly and efficiently, but the up-front charges will be slightly higher.

What Is a Real Estate Holding Company?

Investing in real estate may be a high-risk endeavor. There is the possibility of loss and responsibility, which might have an impact on your own net worth.

If you want to use real estate for commercial reasons, incorporating a real estate holding company can help you reduce the impact on your personal tax return. Owning real estate through a holding company helps you to diversify your investments while preserving your other assets.

TL;DR (Too Long; Didn’t Read)

An investment holding company serves as a platform for the acquisition of real estate in such a way that it is separate from other assets in your portfolio.

The Basics of Holdings Companies

A real estate holding company is founded only for the purpose of acquiring and holding real estate. You establish a legal organization – the holding company – in order for the contract and, eventually, the deed to be in the name of the firm. You will also pledge the mortgage in the name of the real estate holding business if you decide to seek funding for the project.

Exploring Company Structure

Many real estate holding corporations are organized as limited liability organizations, or LLCs, to protect their shareholders’ interests. An LLC provides you with the legal protection of a corporate organization while also allowing you to deduct the revenue from your personal tax liability. The state in which you intend to conduct business requires you to file a certificate of formation, also known as articles of organization, with them in order for your LLC to be formed. Paperwork and a charge, which can range from around $50 to $200, are required for this.

You should also apply for a tax identification number with the Internal Revenue Service.

The operating agreement will outline the firm’s management structure.

Benefits of LLCs

An LLC is advantageous in that it safeguards your company’s assets. Consider the following scenario: you decide to operate a small hardware store. “Hammers and Nails, Inc.” is the name you provide to the store, which is also known as the operating business. It is in your interest to acquire a property, but you do not want to expose the running firm to any potential liability concerns in the process. Form a real estate holding business entitled “Hardware House, LLC” in order to safeguard Hammers and Nails, Inc.’s interests, and then acquire the property in the name of that corporation.

Understanding the Risks

While a real estate holding corporation provides a number of practical advantages, it also has a number of hazards. In addition to the fees of registration and company taxes, there are other expenses. Moreover, the operation of a holding company is complex, and it might be intimidating for a first-time business owner to take on this responsibility. This is why it is a good idea to hire an attorney to assist you in the formation and management of your real estate holding company. References Carl Carabelli’s bio is available upon request.

His creative writing abilities have been put to use in a variety of different endeavors, including financial analysis, copywriting, and contributing to many articles and opinion pieces on a variety of topics.

Carabelli graduated from Seton Hall University with a bachelor’s degree in communications and has been working in banking, namely commercial loans, since 2001.

Holding Companies — SSS LAW: Alabama Attorneys

In your first few months as a real estate investor, you may be wondering how to protect your assets and what form of business structure would be the most effective for managing many properties. The majority of investors in this situation form holding corporations that engage management companies to supervise the daily operations of each particular property they own or manage. Those unfamiliar with the term need not fear; we will explain everything in detail later in this post. Continue reading to find out more about the distinctions between property management firms and holding corporations.

What Does a Real Estate Holding Company Do?

A holding company is a sort of corporate entity that owns other businesses. This type of business entity is typically found in a partnership or an LLC (limited liability company) organizational structure. This form of “company,” on the other hand, does not really sell or make anything. Additionally, it is not required to engage in any type of actual commercial operations. To put it simply, a holding company is formed only for the purpose of holding and controlling an asset or other commercial interest, such as real estate.

  • It is intended to be the owner of the aggregate assets of its various affiliated firms, investments, or real estate holdings.
  • Some of you may be familiar with the term “hospitality group,” which refers to holding corporations that own a certain collection of restaurants and bars.
  • The parent firm and subsidiary, on the other hand, will continue to operate as independent legal limited liability companies.
  • Because the parent business owns 100 percent of the firm’s equity, it has total control over all of the activities of the subsidiary.

What Are the Benefits of a Real Estate Holding Company?

The advantages of forming a real estate holding company are roughly the same as those of forming any other kind of holding corporation. For those who choose to incorporate for their real estate endeavor, there are various different advantages you’ll be able to enjoy, including the ability to receive the following benefits: Protecting Your Assets from Liability When you have a parent company and affiliated limited liability companies, you are effectively managing many business entities that are completely separate from one another and independent of one another.

  • Any debts or litigation accumulated by a single subsidiary may only have an impact on that particular subsidiary alone.
  • Pass-Through Taxation is a type of taxation in which the government collects money from the taxpayers after they have paid their taxes.
  • You would be responsible for reporting your business revenue and paying the business tax through your personal income tax, rather than the government.
  • Increased Financial Stability When you’re a sole proprietorship in need of beginning funding, you’re viewed as a high risk by financial institutions and investors.

As a holding company, on the other hand, if you’ve established a solid reputation and built up financial strength, you’ll be able to borrow money at cheaper interest rates than your operational firms.

What Does a Property Management Company Do?

A property management business is often referred to as a third-party contractor in the real estate sector. They are employed by the parent corporations to supervise the day-to-day operations of the individual properties, which may be commercial, industrial, residential, or a combination of the three types. Whenever we speak of the everyday operations of a management business, we are referring to continuing maintenance and repairs, security requirements, and upkeep such as grass and pool care, among other things.

Management businesses are also frequently tasked with the responsibility of overseeing the management of tenants.

What Are the Benefits of Hiring a Property Management Company?

When you are a part of a real estate holding company, working with a property management company that has a good reputation can be extremely beneficial to your company’s success. Property management businesses have a wealth of knowledge and expertise in the field of property management. They are capable of taking on all of the obligations that you may not be able to handle on your own. For the majority of real estate investors, this frees up time to devote to other endeavors. Here are some of the additional advantages of working with a property management company: Liability Avoidance and Mitigation Using the services of a property management firm, you are adding a layer of liability protection to both your property and your investment portfolio.

  1. An experienced property manager knows how to navigate these types of situations, which helps to keep your investment running smoothly while also making you look good to potential investors.
  2. Property management businesses are backed by a network of reputable expert contractors that can be relied upon.
  3. Fewer Vacancies One of the jobs that a property management business accomplishes is advertising vacancies.
  4. Are you thinking about creating a holding company in the Huntsville, AL area?
  5. Shepard or another experienced Huntsville corporate attorney to learn more about how the legal process works for real estate investments and how to get started.

Should I form a real estate company for rental property investing?

As you begin to expand your real estate portfolio, you may begin to question if you should consider forming a real estate holding company.

This may be a reasonable choice for you if you want to take advantage of tax breaks while also increasing the value of your present real estate assets. Starting a holding company, such as an LLC, has its advantages and disadvantages, just like any other investment plan.

Before we get started, we have to say that this information is solely based on our experience and personal opinions. This isn’t legal advice, and if you need clarification about how this will work for you in your particular situation, we recommend speaking to an attorney or an accountant. Questions like “should I incorporate my rental property?” and “how do I purchase real estate under an LLC” are examples of great questions that may be better answered by the service professionals.

The term “holding company” refers to a sort of organization that invests in other businesses, even complete companies, rather than engaging in operational activities itself. When it comes to investing in real estate, it is a method of lowering the risk and responsibility. As an individual investor, you are not named on the loan or deed or contract since the holding company is. In this article, we will discuss one of the most popular types of holding businesses, the limited liability company (LLC).

What is the purpose of a holding company?

An LLC is intended to provide protection for your company. When you utilize an LLC to manage your rental properties, you are protected as a corporate entity while still being able to deduct the rental revenue from your taxable income. For the most part, if you want to invest in real estate for commercial purposes, forming an LLC will safeguard your other assets in the event that something happens to one of your properties.

Still not sure about how it works? Here are a few real estate holding company examples:

Consider the following scenario: you purchase an investment property, a renter falls down the stairs, and they decide to sue you for their carelessness. A personal injury lawsuit against you may result in them pursuing your personal assets. Alternatively, you and your renter may be at odds about whether or not you will be repaying their security deposit to them. There’s a chance that they’ll opt to resolve it in court, putting your personal assets at risk. When you form an LLC, the only assets that are at risk are those that are held by the LLC.

There are a variety of reasons why operating through an LLC is regarded as one of the finest company forms for investors, including:

Forming a Real Estate Holding Company: The Pros

Purchasing real estate through an LLC provides major tax advantages. In fact, some investors seek to arrange their assets solely for the purpose of maximizing their tax benefits. Investors can avoid double taxation by purchasing property through a limited liability company (LLC). Any money generated by the property is distributed to the owner, who is responsible for all tax obligations as an individual. The owner, on the other hand, continues to benefit from the LLC’s safeguards. It’s a typical case of “having your cake and eating it too” syndrome.

The fact that you own a single-member LLC implies that the interest on your mortgage can be deducted as well.

It’s a win-win situation.

Protection of Assets

As previously stated, another significant advantage of investing in real estate through an LLC is that the risks involved with the investment are reduced. A limited liability company (LLC) for rental property safeguards your personal assets in the event that a renter decides to sue you.

If you find yourself in the feared litigation position, the worst-case scenario is that your rental property will be at risk. However, in the great scheme of things, this is a more preferable choice than having your entire personal financial situation revealed.

Ownership Transfer

One advantage that is less frequently mentioned, but is nevertheless advantageous, is the simplicity with which you may transfer ownership of your home to a new owner if the situation calls for it. When you use an LLC as a company structure for your rental properties, you may transfer the shares (either through inheritance or gift) without having to get a new deed for each property. In turn, this reduces the amount of labor you have to do, as well as the amount of paperwork and expenses necessary in a standard real estate transfer.

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Forming a Real Estate Holding Company: The Cons

There are some things that you should be aware of while investing in real estate, just as there are with any other investment plan, in order to save time and money.


Paying the beginning charges is an important part of forming an LLC. You have to put money into the business in order to get money out, just like with most other businesses. Many real estate investors have reported having a more difficult time obtaining real estate investment loans when it comes to funding. When operating via an LLC rather than as an individual real estate investor, certain lenders are more reluctant to approve funding than when working directly with the borrower.

Exceptions For Asset Protection

In the world of real estate, not everything is as black and white as it appears. The fact that this business model provides asset protection is a big component in why investors pick it; nevertheless, there are certain caveats to be aware of. There are some scenarios in which your personal assets are not safeguarded, and it is critical that you understand what these conditions are before forming the limited liability company. Additionally, there are instances in which an LLC makes it more difficult to resolve a legal disagreement.

We’ve learned a few things throughout the course of our more than two decades in the real estate industry.

Both of them have gone through with us.

In addition to experienced real estate experts, the concept of a limited liability company (LLC) real estate structure is becoming increasingly popular among novices.

Real Estate Investment Group (REIG)

A real estate investment group (REIG) is a firm that concentrates the bulk of its efforts and funds on the acquisition and development of real estate. Real estate investment organizations may opt to purchase, refurbish, sell, or finance properties in order to maximize their earnings. Real estate investment companies frequently purchase multi-unit homes and resell the units to investors while also taking on the task of property management and upkeep.

Typically, real estate investment groups either do not decide to become real estate investment trusts or do not meet the requirements to become real estate investment trusts (REIT).

Key Takeaways

  • When it comes to real estate, a real estate investment group (REIG) can be defined as any organization with numerous partners that concentrates a significant portion of its operations on real estate. In a typical real estate investment group, a corporation purchases or constructs a collection of apartment buildings or condominiums, after which it allows investors to acquire the properties through the company and therefore become members of the group. REIGs do not qualify as REITs and are not subject to any of the restrictions or disclosure requirements that apply to them. Many other types of structures can be used to form REIGs, while the majority are established as partnerships that report pass-through revenue on K-1 tax papers. Investing in REIGs has a number of advantages, one of which is the pooled funds accessible for investing.

Understanding Real Estate Investment Groups (REIGs)

Real estate investment groups are made up of a number of partners or private shareholders that engage in real estate. With several sources of financial investment, you may access a larger pool of funds and expand your investing horizons more widely. However, although while real estate investment groups devote the majority of their time and resources to real estate, they are not necessarily bound by any specific real estate corporate status or required to engage in any certain sort of activities.

Apart from that, real estate investment groups may engage in other business activities such as property financing, property flipping, leasing properties to clients or property management companies in exchange for a portion of the rental income, and selling units of a property while still maintaining overall control.

Many REIGs would identify themselves as such in order to make it simpler for investors to recognize and avoid dealing with them.

REIG Investing

Investment real estate might be appealing due to the fact that it has a variety of different return potentials. REIGs are individuals who attempt to profit from a wide range of investment opportunities by assembling a portfolio of real estate assets. In general, there are a variety of ways for REIGs to generate returns. Depending on their preferences, they may decide to invest in apartment complexes, rental homes, business buildings, or commercial units. It may generate money via mortgage loans, rental properties, or property management fees, amongst other sources of revenue.

Investors who handle single rental properties on their own or who are interested in flipping residences are also attracted to REIGs.

The operating firm is responsible for the overall management of all of the units as well as the marketing of those units.

In times of economic downturns and real estate crashes, diversification may be beneficial in preventing substantial losses.

When compared to other types of real estate investment possibilities, REIG partners often have to put up more cash as an initial commitment; nevertheless, they typically enjoy better returns as a result.

REIG Structuring

Despite the fact that they have distinct definitions, real estate investment groups (REIGs) and real estate investment trusts (REITs) are sometimes used interchangeably. REITs, which were founded by Congress in 1960, are responsible for the preparation of financial statements and the compliance with applicable tax rules. Reinvestment Groups (REIGs) on the other hand, can pick from a variety of entity structures, the two most frequent of which being partnerships and corporations.


When two or more persons own a firm, they are jointly and severally liable for all of its assets and liabilities. Partners receive interests in the company in proportion to the amount of money they invest. Partnerships are not subject to taxation under the United States tax code. Partnerships, on the other hand, pass through all of its revenue to the partners, who then report this income on a K-1 tax form. In the case of individuals, partners who get a K-1 must submit their partnership income on Form 1040; in the case of corporations, partners must file their partnership income on Form 1120.

Detailed elements of a partnership agreement include minimum investments, fees and dividends as well as voting rights and other rights of partners in the firm.

Partnership management teams often source and identify deals before investing partner funds in accordance with the terms of the partnership agreement.

The partnership, while it may not be sufficient to purchase a unit, may combine money from numerous investors to fund a property that is shared and co-owned.


A corporation, whether public or private, is an option for any business to consider. Generally, public businesses are governed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), whereas private corporations are governed by SEC Regulation D. Public firms are required to offer regular, quarterly financial statement reporting that is transparent. More importantly, if they fulfill the rules, practically any company other than sole proprietors can decide to be taxed as a corporation and avoid paying individual income taxes.

The equity shares of a firm represent a part of the overall equity of the company.

An executive management team is in charge of running a corporation. However, various voting rights can be assigned to different types of shares, allowing equity investors to have a say in the overall administration of the firm.


Online real estatecrowdfundingplatforms may be thought of as a sort of real estate investment group, similar to traditional real estate investment groups. These platforms are formed as partnerships, and all revenue is passed through to investment partners, who are then provided with a K-1 tax form. The development of real estate crowdfunding platforms has made it simpler for accredited and non-accredited investors to make real estate investments in the same transaction. Among the many prominent real estate crowdfunding platforms, Fundrise is one that provides investors with the chance to participate in debt capital financing or to take a portion of the equity in commercial real estate buildings.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Real Estate Investment Groups

The goal of real estate investment groups is to maximize earnings by diversifying their interests. Pooled resources enable many investments to be made at the same time, resulting in higher returns in many cases. A group’s assets can be sufficiently diversified to control risk and minimize vitality when they are managed by knowledgeable and skilled individuals. REIGs also benefit from having minimal restrictions on the kind of activities they may participate in and the manner in which they can conduct their operations.

  • It is possible that a member who wishes to resign from the group may not be able to reclaim their investment or part of the earnings in the short term.
  • These fees might be prohibitively expensive, particularly when revenues are small or losses arise.
  • Finally, the success of the organization is primarily dependent on the individuals who are in charge of making choices.
  • Pros
  • Investment options that are not restricted
  • Venture capital that is pooled
  • A well-diversified portfolio is essential for maximizing returns.
  • Profits might be eroded by group fees. It is possible that the REIG agreement may limit unfettered access to money. When working with a group of people that are inexperienced and inept, failure is a possibility.


The creation of a real estate investment trust (REIT) occurs when a company (or trust) is established with the purpose of using outside investors’ money to acquire, run, and sell income-producing assets. Real estate investment trusts (REITs) are traded on major stock exchanges, just like stocks and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). The firm must distribute 90 percent of its taxable income to shareholders in order to be classified as a real estate investment trust (REIT). REITs are exempt from paying corporate income tax, whereas a typical corporation would be subject to corporate income tax on its profits, reducing the amount of money available for distribution to shareholders.

In other words, you will not require the services of a realtor or a title transfer in order to cash out your investment.

In practice, real estate investment trusts (REITs) are a more institutionalized version of real estate investment groups. Consequently, a REIT is more strictly regulated than a REIG, and it also has a more particular business and operating structure.

Real Estate Investment Group FAQs

To discover real estate investing groups, look on the internet for them or connect with investors using social networking sites such as LinkedIn to identify organizations that interest you.. Joining a local organization as a novice may be advantageous since it will allow you to remain closely linked to the group and well informed about its activities and growth.

How Can I Join a Real Estate Investment Group?

You can become a member of an existing real estate investment organization or form your own. Professional networking organizations and websites, like as LinkedIn, are excellent places to start, and joining a group may be as simple as signing a membership agreement and paying dues to the organization.

How Much Money Do I Need to Join a Real Estate Investment Group?

The amount of money required to become a member of a real estate investment group varies and is mostly dependent on the organization. REIGs frequently have bylaws, which each member is required to adhere to. Furthermore, each organization establishes its own capital needs, if any, as well as its own fees, which may be payable annually or more frequently depending on the circumstances.

What Should I Look for in a Real Estate Investment Group?

Look for a real estate investment organization with a mission that is consistent with your objectives. Examine the group’s past accomplishments as well as their current performance. Not every business must be successful, but there should be enough successes to make it a viable alternative for potential investors to consider investing in. Additionally, make certain that the decision-makers are well-informed, experienced, and talented.

How Do You Start a Real Estate Investment Group?

Before you begin, do extensive study on what is required to establish a real estate investment group and whether or not it is financially possible for you to do so. Consult with real estate experts or others who are involved in the operation of REIGs to have a better grasp of the process and what to expect. Identify how you want your REIG to work (e.g., rules, fees, and meetings), as well as the sorts of real estate you want to invest in; then recruit members, particularly those who are knowledgeable and experienced in real estate investing.

How Much Money Do You Need to Start a Real Estate Investment Group?

It is expected that the founding partners of a real estate investment group will be the largest investors, with contributions ranging from $5,000 to $50,000 each. Depending on how the group will be constituted and the sort of real estate investments that will be pursued, the resources required to create an investment group will vary.

The Bottom Line

It is possible to make money by investing in real estate; but, doing it on your own might be tough. Investors in real estate through real estate investment groups are able to make real estate investments without being entirely responsible for the commitment or providing the cash. Those interested in becoming members of a real estate investment club should first perform extensive study before selecting a group that is most closely aligned with their objectives.

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