# What Is A Section In Real Estate?

In U.S. land surveying under the Public Land Survey System (PLSS), a section is an area nominally one square mile (2.6 square kilometers), containing 640 acres (260 hectares), with 36 sections making up one survey township on a rectangular grid.

• Definition of “Section”. Peter Pogodin, Real Estate Agent Century 21 Sweyer Associates. Measure of land representing one square mile. A section equals 640 acres.

## What does section mean in real estate?

Measure of land representing one square mile. A section equals 640 acres.

## What is the section number of a property?

Sections, Townships and Range These sections are numbered 1 through 36 Each Township is 6 sections wide and 6 sections long. Locate the section number. It may be abbreviated as “Sec.” A number of 1 to 36 will follow. That is the section number.

## How is a section of land divided?

Sections are subdivided portions of survey townships each consisting of one square mile area of land that contains 640 acres. Sections are often further divided into: quarter sections consisting of 160 acres each; or. quarter of a quarter sections consisting of 40 acres each.

## What is section land?

In U.S. land surveying under the Public Land Survey System (PLSS), a section is an area nominally one square mile (2.6 square kilometers), containing 640 acres (260 hectares), with 36 sections making up one survey township on a rectangular grid.

## How does section township range work?

Sections in each township are numbered consecutively beginning with number 1 in the northeast corner of the township, and counting right to left then left to right and so on weaving back and forth through the sections of the township, and ending with number 36 in the southeast corner.

## How are sections numbered?

Sections are numbered from the top right, or northeast section, then to the left, and down in an “S” formation.

## What is the length and width of a section of land?

Section: The basic unit of the system, a square piece of land one mile by one mile containing 640 acres. Township: 36 sections arranged in a 6 by 6 square, measuring 6 miles by 6 miles.

## How are lots numbered in a section?

The lots are numbered from 1 to 4 in an east-to west direction or in a north-to-south direction except in section 6, which lies in the northwest corner of the township.

## How many feet are in a real estate section?

1 acre = 43,560 square feet. 1 section = 640 acres = 1 square mile. 1 township = 36 sections. 1 mile = 5,280 feet.

## How many acres is a township square?

In U.S. land surveying under the Public Land Survey System, a section is an area nominally one square mile, containing 640 acres,with 36 sections making up one township on a rectangular grid.

## How many acres is a section of ground?

In U.S. land surveying under the Public Land Survey System, a section is an area nominally one square mile, containing 640 acres,with 36 sections making up one township on a rectangular grid.

## What is a section corner?

corner, section [USPLS]— A corner at the extremity of a section boundary. corner, sixteenth-section [USPLS]—A corner at an extremity of a boundary of a quarter-quarter section.

## How many 40s are in a section?

For the purposes of describing land locations, each section is subdivided into quarter-sections of 160 acres. The “Quarters” are subdivided into forty acre plots known as “40s”.

## Section (United States land surveying) – Wikipedia

Perfectly square in shape Central Indiana is covered by 160-acre quarter portions of agriculture. Satellite image of crops growing in Kansas, which are mostly irrigated using center pivot irrigation. The fundamental grid design consists of quarter portions (1 2 mi (1 2 mi (800 m)) separated by a half mile (1 2 mi (800 m)). In land surveying in the United States, a section is a theoretically onesquare mile (2.6 square kilometers) unit holding 640 acres (260 hectares), with 36 sections constituting onesurvey townshipon a rectangular grid, according to the Public Land Survey System (PLSS).

Sections are generally divided into smaller squares by halving and quartering them over and over again.

In 1832, the smallest block of property that could be purchased was decreased to a 40-acre (16-hectare) quarter-quarter section, which became ingrained in American folklore as a result of its size and significance.

The expressions “front 40” and “back 40,” which allude to farm fields, are used to denote the front and back quarter-quarter sections of land, respectively, in the United States.

This method may be used to split a section seven times, resulting in a 5-acre (2 ha) piece or half of a quarter-quarter-quarter section, which is an easily surveyed 50-square-chain (2 hectare) plot of land.

An abridged description of a quarter-quarter section would read “NW 1/4, NE 1/4, Sec.

This would be written as “the northwest quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 34 of Township 3 South, Range 1 West, first Principal Meridian” if it were enlarged to include the entire section.

## History

With the introduction of section lines, property descriptions were significantly more easy than they were under the previousmetes and bounds scheme Because of the establishment of standard east-west and north-south lines (known as “township” and “range lines”), deeds could be written without regard to temporary terrain features such as trees, piles of rocks, fences, and the like, and could be worded in the style of “Lying and being in Township 4 North; Range 7 West; and being the northwest quadrant of the southwest quadrant of said section,” an exact description in this case of 40 acres, as there are 640 acres The passing of “An Ordinance for determining the method of disposing of lands in the Western Territory” by the United States Congress in 1785 significantly increased the significance of “sections” in the legal system (seeLand Ordinance of 1785).

As a result of this rule, properties located outside of the then-existing states were prohibited from being sold, distributed, or made available for settlement until they had been surveyed.

A township is defined by a square six parts by six sections in size.

There is a piece of this area that has been classified as school property. Due to the fact that the full property would not be required for the school and its grounds, the remaining portion of the parcel was to be sold, with the proceeds going toward the building and care of the school.

It is customary for each municipality to be subdivided into 36 parts, each of which is approximately one mile (1.6 kilometers) square. Sections are numbered boustrophedonically within townships in the following order (with the north at the top of the list):

 6 5 4 3 2 1 7 8 9 10 11 12 18 17 16 15 14 13 19 20 21 22 23 24 30 29 28 27 26 25 31 32 33 34 35 36

## Section subdivisions

Sections can be subdivided into quarter sections of 160 acres (65 ha), each of which is called according to the intercardinal compass direction (northwest, northeast, etc.). For example, the southwest quarter of a section is denoted by the abbreviation SW 1/4. Sections can be subdivided into 40-acre (16-hectare) blocks, or quarter-quarter sections, depending on their size. These add a second intercardinal direction label to the cardinal directions. To give an example, the southeast quarter of the southwest quarter portion indicated above is designated SE 1/4, SW 1/4: SE 1/4, SW 1/4: SE 1/4, SW 1/4:

 NWNW NENW NWNE NENE SWNW SENW SWNE SENE NWSW NESW NWSE NESE SWSW SESW SWSE SESE

## Measurement anomalies

As themeridiansconverge toward the North Pole, it is difficult to superimpose a regular grid on the surface of the globe due to the curvature of the planet’s surface. Because the United States is located in the Northern Hemisphere, if a section’s or township’s east and west sides are parallel to meridians, the section’s or township’s north side is shorter than its south side, and vice versa. Because mistakes and distortions increased as parts were surveyed from south and east to north and west, the north and west lines are the most deviant from the ideal form and size.

The entire township grid is shifted in order to account for the curvature of the earth.

Another reason sections deviate from the PLSS ideal of one square mile is due to mistakes and sloppy work on the part of surveyors, as well as faulty instrumentation and tough terrain.

Even an inadequate grid, once created, stays in effect for a number of reasons, the most important of which is that the monuments of the original survey, if found, serve as legal precedent over later resurveys.

## Alternatives and legacy systems

Despite popular belief, the Public Land Survey System was not the first organization to create and use a survey grid. A variety of similar systems were formed, many of which used names such as section and township but not necessarily in the same way as the other systems. A township grid was laid up in advance of the establishment of the PLSS on the lands of the Holland Purchase in western New York, as an illustration of this. It was common practice in colonial New England for land to be split into squares, known as towns or townships, and then subdivided further into parcels known as lots or sections.

• They are not, however, a component of the PLSS, and their form and size are irregular as well.
• When the majority of a parcel, orlot, is submerged beneath a body of water, another exception to the typical usage of sections and section numbers is created.
• Parcel numbers within aplatted subdivision are frequently used rather than PLSS descriptions to identify parcels within a subdivision.
• In an effort to uphold these land concessions when the United States gained control of Florida, surveyors used descriptions from confirmed land grants to define the initial limits of the grants and produced PLSS sections that extrapolated from those lines in an effort to uphold the gifts.
• Those tracts are referred to as “fractional sections,” and they are frequently exempt from the definitions of townships and ranges.
• 59, Township 0 South, Range 0 West” as an example of the first sentence.

After much debate, an Act of Congress, passed on April 9, 1872, reaffirmed the precise position of the Georgia–Florida state boundary in its final form.

1. C. Albert White is the author of this work (1983). An Overview of the Rectangular Survey System’s History (PDF). The United States Bureau of Land Management is based in Washington, D.C.
2. Abc Andro Linklater, Andro Linklater (2002). This book explains how the United States was shaped through the largest land sale in history, entitled Measuring America. Isbn: 0-452-28459-7
3. Plume, pp.72, 166, and 234. The authors, Phillip C. Muehrcke and Juliana O. Muehrcke are co-authors on this work (2001). Reading, analyzing, and interpreting maps are all important skills (4th ed.). pp. 234–239.ISBN0-9602978-5-5
4. Ab”Tutorial on the Public Land Survey System Descriptions,” JP Publications, pp. 234–239.ISBN0-9602978-5-5
5. Ab”Tutorial on the Public Land Survey System Descriptions,” JP Publications (PDF). The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources is a state agency. Retrieved2020-01-14
6. s^ Murray, William Gordon, and others (1969). Appraisal and Valuation of Farm Assets (5th ed.). Pages 53-54. ISBN 9780813805702
7. OCLC246381719
8. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 2003.

• Raymond and William Galt are two of the most famous people in the world (1914). In the Classroom and on the Field, Plane Surveying is useful. American Book Company
• Johnson, Hildegard Binder
• New York: American Book Company. The Rectangular Land Survey of the United States and the Upper Mississippi Country Oxford University Press published a book in 1976 called

## Section

One square mile is the area of land covered by this measurement. A piece of land is equivalent to 640 acres.

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## PrepAgent.com – Government Survey System, Sections, and Townships

The Government Survey System is the topic of discussion today. What is the purpose of the Government Survey System? Normally, when you tell someone where to find a property, you provide them with a street address as well. For example, the address of a letter may be 1234 PrepAgent Street, Awesomeville USA, or something similar. But what if there isn’t an address to be found? And what happens if there aren’t any roads? More than a decade after the formation of the United States, the Government Survey System was put in place as a government land survey system throughout the country.

• If you truly want to understand what the early settlers of America were up against, imagine yourself in the middle of a large valley, surrounded by trees, rocks, and perhaps a brook or two.
• What method will you use to locate it?
• The way it works is as follows.
• A baseline, which runs east to west, and a major meridian, which runs north to south, are both used to measure distances.
• Lines are drawn approximately every six miles on both sides of the baseline, and approximately every six miles on both sides of the meridian line, starting from the fixed Point of Beginning.
• This is a really crucial topic, so please allow me to reiterate it!
• That’s still a significant amount of territory, therefore townships are subdivided even more.

Because there are things like lakes and other natural boundaries, it is possible that not all areas will be a perfect 1 square mile.

The visual aid of an example, on the other hand, makes it much easier to comprehend the concept.

It’s important to remember that each township contains lines called tiers that go east to west and range lines that travel north and south, respectively.

In our case, the township is described as tier 4 north, range 5 west, according to the legal description.

Now that we’ve recognized the township T4N R5W, which stands for tier four north range five west, we can go on to the next step.

This is when the use of parts comes in handy.

Normally, we think of things like numbers in the same way that we think of reading a book.

After that, you go down to the next line.

Section 1 is located in the upper-right corner of the township map, and sections 2 through 6 are counted from left to right until you reach section 6.

Now you’re in section 7, and you’ll be counting from left to right until you reach section 12, where you’ll drop down to section 13, and then back and forth, almost like a snake, until you reach section 36, which is located in the southeast part of the township.

Why would they choose a numbering system that is so out of the ordinary?

The only option for you to survey this township is to go around it and hand mark off the boundaries of the property.

Assuming that the majority of us do not possess superhuman abilities, it seems reasonable to employ a numbering system that allows you to move through town in the most expedient manner feasible.

‘All right, let’s get back to our example.

Using a starting point in the northeast corner and counting down the sections until you reach section 6, we can locate section 9.

We’ll be using fractional inscriptions from now on.

For more specific location information, it is the southwest half of the northwest corner of section nine on the map.

When all of these components of description are combined, the legal description of your property as determined by the government survey method would look somewhat like the following: SW 12 NW 14, S9, T4N, R5WIt appears to be a jumble of nonsense, but it reads something like this: SW 12 NW 14, S9, T4N, R5WIt appears to be a jumble of gibberish, but it reads something like this: Section nine, township four north, range five west, contains the southwest half of the northwest quarter of section nine, township four north, range five west.

It is important to note that when we read the description, we begin with the more detailed information and go to the more general information.

If you find yourself struggling to remember which information comes first in a legal description on the test, keep in mind that the sequence is the same as your house address: particular information comes first, followed by information that gets more and more generic as the description progresses.

I hope this has provided you with a better understanding of how the government survey system operates.

## Legal Descriptions of Real Estate

Real estate contracts, deeds, mortgages, and trust deeds are all legally enforceable documents that need a legal description of the property that is legally sufficient to be binding, which means that the description would allow a qualified surveyor to determine the property’s exact borders. The legal description of a property does not contain any of the structures on the land; rather, it solely includes the property’s borders. The legal description of the property is also an essential factor in determining the price of the property.

• Indeed, addresses are frequently renamed throughout time, and even physical boundaries, such as the flow of a nearby creek, might shift.
• Legal descriptions are often created by a professional surveyor who has received specialized training and is permitted to find and determine the legal description of any piece of real estate.
• There are two papers that the surveyor creates: asurvey that contains information on the property, and a survey drawing that depicts the location and size of the parcel.
• Computers, satellites, lasers, and global positioning systems, among other technologies, have substantially improved the accuracy of property descriptions today (GPS).
• The county and state in which the property is located are always included in the legal description.

## Metes and Bounds System

Before the rectangular survey method was devised, metes and bounds descriptions were employed in the first 13 colonies. Starting at the point of beginning, the ametes-and-boundsdescription makes use of the lengths and angles of boundaries (POB). Because amete is a boundary line and limits is the region encompassed by the metes, the term “bounds” was coined. Beginning with the point of origin, the length of each border and the angle that it creates with the preceding boundary are specified in detail.

It goes without saying that in order for a metes and bounds description to be legally sufficient, the location of the POB must be specified, and this is usually done through the use of a amonument(akalandmark), which can be a large artificial or natural object or other stable structure, such as rocks or trees or streams or railroads or roads or intersections, that is recorded by surveyors to locate property.

Many memorials nowadays are iron pins or concrete pillars that have been set by surveyors or the United States Corps of Engineers.

## Tier-and-Range System

It was defined by Congress in 1785 for the marking of enormous areas of land that the United States received during its early years, including the Northwest Territory, using the rectangular survey method (also known as the Tier-and-range system or government survey system). Geographical places are specified by utilizing a rectangular coordinate system, thus the name, that is composed of major meridians that run north and south and are distinguishable by their longitude, andbase linesthat go east and west, which are distinguishable by their latitude.

They are further subdivided into 16 townships, with each side of a township measuring 6 miles and covering a total area of 36 square miles.

Small parcels of land are described using a mete-and-bounds description, which is used in conjunction with the rectangular survey method in several states.

### Correction Lines

Because the Earth is an oblate spheroid, range lines are not precisely 6 miles apart over its whole length, as they must finally converge to the same point at the North Pole, which is not exactly 6 miles away. To accommodate for the fact that a township’s north boundary will be somewhat shorter than its south boundary, correction lines are drawn between the two boundaries. Correction lines and guide meridians are placed every fourth township line — a distance of 24 miles — as well as guide meridians that run north and south at 24 mile intervals from the principal meridian and are exactly parallel to the principal meridian, so that the discrepancy in area bounded by the correction lines and guide meridians — known as agovernment check— can be compared to the actual area bounded by the regular meridians, and the discrep Amounts are modified in sections near to the township’s north and west limits according to well-established norms, with the difference between the government check and the actual area being used as a basis for the adjustments.

However, because they are slightly less than 1 square mile, the modified parts are referred to as fractional sections, whereas the remaining sections in a township are standard sections, which are each exactly 1 square mile.

### Fractional Sections and Government Lots

Other than the fact that the meridians are not exactly parallel, fractional sections of more or less than one square mile can occur for a variety of reasons, including the fact that the rectangular survey was carried out by separate crews working independently, resulting in gaps of less than six miles between the different surveyed areas, and the fact that the meridians are not exactly parallel.

It is also possible that fractional sections be generated by physical obstacles in surveying the land, for example, because portion of it was submerged in water or because a township border was circumscribed by a state boundary line.

Government lots are parcels of land that are less than whole quarter sections of 160 acres.

## Lot-and-Block System

In addition to the lot-and-block system (also known as the recorded plat system), there is also the lot-and-block system (also known as the recorded plat system), which refers to specific parcels of land identified by a lot number or letter as well as the block, or subdivision plat, in which the lot is located. In order to find the block itself, either the metes and bounds technique or the rectangular survey system must be employed. The lot-and-block system gives the lot and block numbers, as well as the name or number of the subdivision plat, as well as the names of the county and state, in order to identify a specific parcel of property.

## Measuring Elevations

Elevation drawings may be used in the description of some properties. The use of elevations is also required for the acquisition of so-called air lots or subsurface rights. Adatum, for example, is a point, line, or surface from which elevations are measured that may be used to define condominiums placed on upper levels or lower floors, depending on their location. A datum specified by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) as the mean sea level in New York Harbor is used to determine elevations throughout the United States.

As a result, surveyors commonly employ benchmarks, which are permanent reference points consisting of brass markers embedded in solid concrete or an asphalt foundation and used primarily for the purpose of establishing a datum.

## Measurements

Any legal description must include measurements as a component of the description. Chains and rods were employed to measure distances in the olden days because surveyors at the time utilized these tools to measure distances. The following chart illustrates the link between the most commonly used units for measuring distance and area in real estate: Units of Measurement for Length

• The length of one rod is 16.5 feet, or 5.5 yards
• The length of one chain is 66 feet, or 4 rods, or 100 links
• And the length of one mile is 5280 feet, or 1760 yards, which is 320 rods, or 80 chains.

Area Measurement Units